The thesis presents the causes of fire and necessary fire safety actions in railway traffic. At the
beginning I pointed out a terminology which are crucial for the further understanding of the text. At a
time, when there is declared a high or very high level of fire risk to the environment, representing
trains daily threat to the natural and living environment. Various actions are needed to reduce the risk
of fire in surveillance areas. Actions, presented in this thesis are mostly taken from the Rules of fire
protection actions in fire safety lane on railway lines, on rail vehicle and rail vehicles with an open
furnace. In the planning and implementation of the actions we have many participants, which are
presented in this thesis and have different roles.