Energy consumption (heat and coolness) of buildings depends on numerous factors. In the diploma
thesis, I have focused on the influence of construction elements. I have analysed the measures for
improvement of energy efficiency of a building, on the level of development of transparent and nontransparent
building envelope. Relative efficiency of an individual measure was tested in relation to
the climate parameters of the selected locations in Slovenia.
Using a computer programme for calculation of energy balance TOST, I have analysed the influence
of five selected measures for improvement of energy efficiency of a building. The efficiency of an
individual measure and the combined efficiency of all measures are discussed, with regards to the
calculated amount of heat required for heating of the building, and coolness required for cooling. For
the research of location influence on energy consumption, I have selected ten locations in Slovenia
that differ the most in terms of solar radiation (kWh/m2) and the average air temperature (°C). I have
successfully proven that the location of a building and its climate characteristics are important factors
in planing of building construction and renovation.