Acquisition of real property is the power of a government to acquire land, also without the consent of its owner or occupant, for the public benefit. In such cases, any government cannot rely on real property markets alone to ensure that land/real property is acquired when and where it is needed. Several countries worldwide assume that the state or local government should attempt to purchase the required real property in good faith before it exercises its power of compulsory acquisition/expropriation. The paper describes various possible ways of real property ownership appropriation with the stated purpose of establishing public interest, i.e. an expropriation, compulsory acquisition and establishment of easements for public interest in Slovenia. At the end, the possible role the Slovene surveyor in these procedures is discussed.