In this review paper on floods and landslides in Slovenia firstly the most important natural conditions for these natural processes are described and graphically shown, such as precipitation, runoff, hydrogeological conditions, and topography. After that, hazard areas of landsliding and flooding are described and graphically represented in more detail. These areas cover a substantial part of Slovenia’s territory, as landsliding and erosion processes are openly present in about 44 % of the territory. The total inundated area under extreme flood events (Q100) is 695 km2 or 3.5 % of the total surface, out of which 25 km2 are urban areas. Further on, a short review of historical floods and recent landsliding events in Slovenia is given. The paper ends with a short review of relevant legislation in Slovenia.