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Priprava mlajših košarkarjev na trening moči : diplomsko delo
Rogina, Marko (Avtor), Erčulj, Frane (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Dandanes je košarka igra, ki jo vse bolj zaznamujeta hitrost in moč in le ekipe, ki so temu prilagojene so lahko v vrhu, tako v moški kot v ženski košarki. Tehnično-taktični elementi se izvajajo pri vedno večjih hitrostih, za kar je pa potrebna zadostna količina moči. Moč je tako potrebna iz varnostnega vidika, saj mora košarkar biti sposoben gibanje ustaviti ter zaradi dejstva, da je gibanje potrebno pričeti z velikim pospeškom. Za izvajanje teh gibanj sta najpomembnejši gibalni sposobnosti hitrost in eksplozivna moč, ki sta v veliki meri odvisni od živčnih dejavnikov. Za razvijanje obeh sposobnosti, predvsem pa eksplozivne moči so zaradi svojih mehanskih značilnosti in podobnosti z večino športnih gibanj, zelo primerne vaje olimpijskega dviganja uteži. Dandanes smo nemalokrat lahko priča prenašanju treninga ter zahtev treninga odraslih na mlade, košarka pri tem ni izvzeta. Tako je tudi pri najmlajših zahtevana velika hitrost izvedbe gibanj na kar pa v večini niso pripravljeni, velikokrat pa so deležni površne kondicijske vadbe zaradi česar so zelo podvrženi nastanku poškodb. Plastičnost živčnega sistema v predpubertetnem obdobju nam omogoča učenje novih gibanj, prav tako pa lahko v veliki meri vplivamo na razvoj eksplozivne moči. Zato lahko z vključevanjem glavnih in dopolnilnih vaj OLDU v trening na tej starostni stopnji dosežemo izboljšanje le-teh sposobnosti ter pripravimo mladega košarkarja na intenzivnejšo vadbo moči in košarkarski trening, ki jih bo deležen v kasnejših obdobjih. Na ta način se lahko približamo do mere popolnega izražanja genetskega potenciala. V nasprotnem primeru košarkar lahko že v zelo zgodnjih starostnih obdobjih, zaradi vpliva intenzivne rasti in sodobnega življenjska sloga razvije strukturna neravnovesja iz katerih pa nastajajo kompenzacijski gibalni vzorci le-ti pa vodijo v poškodbe, ki so lahko usodne za košarkarjevo kariero.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:košarka, kondicija, mladina, moč, dviganje uteži
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Tipologija:2.11 - Diplomsko delo
Organizacija:FŠ - Fakulteta za šport
Leto izida:2017
COBISS.SI-ID:5168305 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:339
Število prenosov:284
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:Preparing Youth Basketball Players for Strength Training
Izvleček:
Strength and speed, as motor abilities are a crucial part of modern basketball, and it is mandatory for the teams or players that wish to be on the top, to lay stress upon mentioned motor abilities. Speed needed to execute in basketball, has increased significantly during the last few decades and has consequently increased the demand for strength as well. Therefore, strength in basketball is a necessity in order to enable basketball player decelerate or accelerate his movements. In order to be able to execute movements with increased acceleration , a prerequisite is a high level of explosive strength and speed, while both of them are mostly dependent on neural factors. One of the most recognized and widely accepted tools to improve speed and especially explosive strength, are Olympic weightlifting exercises. Mechanical properties of weightlifting exercises are similar to these significant for basketball movements, whether with or without the ball and on the ofensive and defensive end of the court. Nowadays, we can witness use of training methods and approaches suitable for adults in youth sport and basketball is unfortunately not an exception. We can face youth, even the youngest, confronted by demands of adulthood; for example execution of movements, which are not mastered at highest speed. Most of the youth is unprepared for such actions, which can in combination with insufficent and improper resistance training lead to overuse injuries at a low age. Plasticity of the nervous system in prepubertal period allows youth to master new skills and has an significant effect on explosive strength and speed. Therefore, involving weightlifting exercises such as squats, lungees and other complex movements (snatch, clean, jerk), can have a benefit on these abilities, as well as prepares the young athlete for a demanding strenght and conditioning process and also on basketball training in adolescence and adulthood. In case of taking into account the above mentioned recommendations, chances, of achieving maximal genetic potential of an individual become way higher. Otherwise, a young athlete, especially in intensive growth age period, may risk an exposure to structural imbalances in his body, which lead to compensatory movement patterns, causing injuries that can affect a premature conclusion of their career.

Ključne besede:basketball, conditioning, youth, strength, weightlifting

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