A stimulating learning environment has a huge impact on musical development and on musical talent as well. Only high-quality learning incentives in music lessons can enable the development of musical abilities of students in accordance with their musical predispositions.
In the thesis, I researched the experiences of music teachers in the 1st and 2nd educational period in recognizing musically gifted pupils. I also tried to show what indicators to record and identify musically gifted pupils teachers use, what problems teachers encounter during the identification of musically gifted pupils and how they train themselves in order to recognize a musical talent.
In my survey, I used a quantitative research approach. The data was obtained through a questionnaire for music teachers who teach in the 1st and 2nd educational period.
The survey results show that, according to the teachers the best time for the first recording of the musical potential of gifted pupils is at the end of the first educational period. When identifying gifted pupils teachers consult mostly with professors of music. On average, they identify one musically gifted pupil in a class per year. To record musical talents teachers usually consider the achievements of pupils in musical activities and the most common method of identification is the identification of musical talent with a musical grading scale OLNAD07 which teachers rated as useful and appropriate. Teachers propose to recognize musical talent by using many musical activities and facilitating spontaneous opportunities in which pupils demonstrate their musical achievements. In identifying talented pupils, teachers have mostly problems with time pressure, number of pupils in the class and with their own competence in the field of music. In addition, I found that almost half of the surveyed teachers do not carry out the identification of musically gifted students. These findings provide an input for future improvements of teacher education in the field of music teaching, particularly the identification of musical talent, as teachers for this work do not feel qualified enough.