In this thesis I am researching the correlation between photography and collage, as this two art movements started to combine and interwine in modernism. Over time they fused together and became one of the techniques of the twentieth century. I am researching the interaction between photography and collage in the fields of painting and sculpture from the invention of photoghraphy to the present day. I divide my thesis into two parts, into art theory and art practice.
In the first part I briefly describe the invention of photography and then focus on artistic photography and how it became an art form. After years of disapproval and adjusting to the dominant painting it established itself as one of the art forms at the beginning of the twentieth century. The invention of camera also changed painting and sculpture. Cubism enabled art a new perception of the world and brought new, unconventional materials into the works of art. We got collage and later, with Dadaism, photomontage.
In the second part of art theory I focuse on artists, who combine potography and collage in their works in the fields of painting and sculpture. I describe their way of work and analyse their works of art. I include artists from the beginning of the twentieth century up to the contemporary art. With this wide spectrum I try to depict the development of expressive possibilities of photography in collage.
In the second part of my thesis, in art practice, I focus on art characteristics of collage and photography. By drawing the inspiration from some of the artists mentioned, I created my own paintings and sculptures and this way deepened my understanding of the theoretical part.