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Povezanost časovne perspektive z osebnostnimi lastnostmi in subjektivnim blagostanjem
Podlogar, Tina (Author), Bajec, Boštjan (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://psy.ff.uni-lj.si/psiholoska_obzorja/arhiv_clanki/2011_1/podlogar.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Namen raziskave je bil ugotoviti, kakšna je povezanost šestih dimenzij časovne perspektive ter uravnoteženosti časovne perspektive z osebnostnimi lastnostmi in subjektivnim blagostanjem. Izhajala sva iz predpostavke, da je časovna perspektiva tesno povezana z osebnostnimi lastnostmi in subjektivnim blagostanjem. Za Zahodni svet naj bi bila optimalna t.i. uravnotežena časovna perspektiva, ki vključuje srednje visoko izraženost hedonistnične sedanjosti in prihodnosti, visoko izraženost pozitivne preteklosti ter nizko izraženost negativne preteklosti in fatalistične sedanjosti, pri čemer je zelo pomembna tudi posameznikova sposobnost prilagajanja trenutni situaciji. Ljudje z uravnoteženim profilom časovne perspektive tako iz preteklosti črpajo mnoge pozitivne spomine, v sedanjosti odkrivajo dovolj priložnosti za sprostitev in užitek, hkrati pa v prihodnosti iščejo nove izzive, kar jim daje motivacijo za trdo delo. Tako naj bi se bolje znašli v življenju in bili srečnejši od ljudi z drugačnimi profili, zaradi česar sva predpostavljala pozitivno povezanost uravnotežene časovne perspektive s pozitivnimi osebnostnimi lastnostmi in visoko izraženostjo subjektivnega blagostanja. V študiji je sodelovalo 279 študentov različnih smeri Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, katerih povprečna starost je bila 21,2 let. Rezultati kažejo na povezanost pozitivnih dimenzij časovne perspektive in uravnoteženosti časovne perspektive z ekstravertnostjo, sprejemljivostjo, vestnostjo in višjo izraženostjo subjektivnega blagostanja, na drugi strani pa negativnih dimenzijč asovne perspektive z nevroticizmom ter nižjo izraženostjo subjektivnega blagostanja in depresivnostjo. Uravnoteženost časovne perspektive se je izkazala za zelo pomemben napovedni dejavnik za stopnjo posameznikovega zadovoljstva z življenjem, pomembna deleža variance pa pojasnjuje tudi pri napovedovanju pozitivne emocionalnosti in depresivnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:časovna perspektiva, osebnostne lastnosti, subjektivno blagostanje
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2011
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 43-62
Numbering:Letn. 20, št. 1
UDC:159.937.53+159.923.3
ISSN on article:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:45705314 Link is opened in a new window
Views:485
Downloads:152
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Psihološka obzorja
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:3084808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The connection of time perspective with personality traits and subjective well-being
Abstract:
The aim of our study was to research the connection of the six time perspective dimensions and of balanced time perspective with personality traits and subjective well-being. Our starting point was the assumption that time perspective is closely connected to personality traits and subjective well-being. It has been theorized that so called balanced time perspective is optimal in the Western cultures. It is defined by moderately high scores on present-hedonistic and future, high scores on past-positive and low scores on past-negative and present-fatalistic, with an emphasis on individualćs ability of flexible adjusting in given situations. People with balanced time perspective profile have many positive memories of the past, find enough opportunity for relaxation and pleasure in the present, and seek new challenges in the future, which gives them motivation for hard work. They are supposed to handle daily life more efficiently and to be happier than people with other time perspective profiles. Therefore we have hypothesized positive connection of balanced time perspective with positive personality traits and high scores on subjective well-being. 279 students studying different subjects at the Faculty of arts, University in Ljubljana, whose mean age was 21.2 years, participated in the study. The results reveal connections of positive time perspective dimensions (including transcendental-future) and of balanced time perspective with extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness and higher level of subjective well-being, and connections of negative time perspective dimensions with neuroticism, lower level of subjective well-being and higher level of depression. It turned out that balance of time perspective is an important predictor of individual's level of satisfaction with life, and it also explains some variance in positive emotionality and depression.

Keywords:time perspective, personality traits, subjective well-being

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