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Osebnostne značilnosti sorojencev in tipi njihovega medosebnega odnosa v otroštvu
Kavčič, Tina (Author), Zupančič, Maja (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:doc-TKJMISJJ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V študiji sva spremljali značilnosti odnosa 87 parov sorojencev in njihove osebnosti kot jih zaznavajo njihovi starši. Ob prvem merjenju so vsi otroci obiskovali vrtec, eno leto kasneje pa se je približno polovica starejših sorojencev vključila v šolo. Ob obeh merjenjih so očeti in mame neodvisno poročali o osebnostnih značilnostih svojih otrok s pomočjo Vprašalnika o medosebnih razlikah pri otrocih in mladostnikih (Halverson idr., 2003; slovenska priredba Zupančič in Kavčič, 2009) ter o pogostosti zaznanega izražanja naklonjenosti, konfliktov in rivalstva/tekmovalnosti med sorojenci pri vprašalniku Kako vidim odnos med svojima otrokoma (Kramer, 2001). Rezultati navzkrižnih analiz napovednih odnosov (med maminimi ocenami osebnosti otrok in očetovimi poročili o odnosu med sorojenci ter obratno) so pokazali, da se (a) osebnostne značilnosti obeh sorojencev in (b) ujemanje mednjunimi osebnostnimi značilnosti pomembno povezujejo s pripadnostjo enemu od treh tipov odnosa med sorojenci (naklonjeni, vključeni in povprečni). Za kakovost odnosa med sorojenci je zlasti pomembna osebnostna poteza nesprejemljivost.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:odnos med sorojenci, otroštvo, osebnostne lastnosti
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2010
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 95-110
Numbering:Letn. 19, št. 4
UDC:159.923:316.362.1-055.71
ISSN on article:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:44341090 Link is opened in a new window
Views:233
Downloads:72
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Psihološka obzorja
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:3084808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Siblings' personality traits and types of sibling relationship in childhood
Abstract:
The contribution presents a follow-up study of sibling relationship and personality in 87 sibling dyads in early/middle childhood from parental perspective. At Time 1 all siblings attended pre-school and one year later approximately half of the older siblings entered compulsory school. At both times of measurement siblings' mothers and fathers independently reported on their children's personality characteristics using the Inventory of Child Individual Differences (Halverson et al., 2003; Slovene adaptation, Zupančič & Kavčič, 2009) and on the observed sibling warmth, agonism, and rivalry using the Parental Expectations and Perceptions of Children's Sibling Relationships Questionnaire (Kramer, 2001). The predictive relationship obtained by two sets of cross-rater analyses (between maternal ratings of child personality and paternal reports on sibling relationship, and vice versa) suggested that (a) personality traits of both siblings and (b) the match between siblings' personalities are associated with sibling type (affectionate, involved or average) membership. Among personality traits, disagreeableness seems to be an especially significant contributor to sibling relationship quality.

Keywords:sibling relations, childhood, personality traits

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