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Konstruktna veljavnost Testa implicitnih asociacij za merjenje velikih pet
Zager Kocjan, Gaja (Author), Avsec, Andreja (Author), Bucik, Valentin (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://psy.ff.uni-lj.si/psiholoska_obzorja/arhiv_clanki/2013/zager_kocjan_et_al.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V zadnjem času je v psihologiji opazen porast zanimanja za t. i. implicitne mere stališč in osebnostnih lastnosti. Najbolj razširjena implicitna mera je Test implicitnih asociacij % IAT, ki smo ga v naši raziskavi priredili za merjenje velikih petih osebnostnih dimenzij (B5 IAT) in preverili njegove merske značilnosti z dvema vzorcema - na osnovi ugotovitev s prvega vzorca (N = 62) smo test popravili ter ga ponovno preizkusili na drugem vzorcu (N = 75). Pri obeh vzorcih so bili rezultati podobni. Zanesljivosti dimenzij osebnosti, merjenih z B5 IAT, v večini primerov niso dosegle zadovoljive ravni. Razlog je verjetno v manjši ustreznosti nekaterih dražljajev ter precejšnji dolžini testnega postopka. Konvergentna veljavnost B5 IAT z eksplicitnimi merami osebnosti je bila nizka, kar lahko razložimo z različnimi izhodišči in strukturami, na katerih temeljijo implicitne in eksplicitne mere. Rezultati konfirmatorne faktorske analize so na prvem vzorcu pokazali, da lahko korelacije med postavkami IAT razmeroma zadovoljivo pojasnimo s petimi latentnimi dimenzijami, vendar moramo biti pri njihovi interpretaciji posebej previdni zaradi nižjih zanesljivosti nekaterih lestvic B5 IAT in majhnosti vzorca. Drugi vzorec se je v meritvi izkazal za precej nestabilnega, zato konfirmatorne faktorske analize nismo mogli izvesti. Ker gre za prvi poskus priredbe B5 IAT v slovenskem jezikovnem prostoru, ne preseneča, da rezultati niso povsem skladni s pričakovanji. Implicitne mere zaenkrat ne dosegajo ustreznih psihometričnih značilnosti, zato v psihološki praksi še niso uporabne. Kljub temu imajo precejšen potencial pri raziskovanju osebnosti in individualnih razlik, saj premagujejo številne omejitve obstoječih pripomočkov (eksplicitnih mer).

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:osebnostne lastnosti, petfaktorski model osebnosti, stališča, implicitne mere, merske značilnosti, konstruktna veljavnost, Test implicitnih asociacij IAT
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2013
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 91-104
Numbering:[Letn.] 22
UDC:159.923.3.072
ISSN on article:2350-5141
COBISS.SI-ID:54047330 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1743
Downloads:390
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Psihološka obzorja
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
ISSN:2350-5141
COBISS.SI-ID:271603200 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Construct validity of the Big five implicit association test
Abstract:
Psychology has recently seen a noticeable increase in interest for implicit measures of attitudes and personality characteristics. The far most known implicit measure is the Implicit Association Test - IAT. We adapted this test in order to assess the Big Five personality dimensions (B5 IAT). We examined B5 IAT measurement characteristics on two samples. Based on the findings of the first sample (N = 62), improvements were made in the B5 IAT, to be tested again on another sample (N = 75). The two studies have shown similar results. The reliabilities of the personality dimensions measured with the B5 IAT failed to achieve a satisfactory level in most cases. The reason probably lies in a lower adequacy of certain stimuli and in the considerable length of the test procedure. The convergent validity of the B5 IAT with explicit measures of personality was low, which may be due to different structures underlying implicit and explicit measures. Results obtained on the first sample have shown that the correlations between IAT adjectives are adequately explained by five latent dimensions. However, these results should be interpreted with caution due to B5 IAT low reliabilities and small sample sizes. The second sample proved to be very unstable, thus the confirmatory factor analysis could not be conducted. Since this is the first attempt to adapt B5 IAT to Slovene language, it is hardly surprising that the results are not entirely consistent with the expectations. As implicit measures currently fail to meet relevant psychometric characteristics, they are not yet applicable in psychological practice. Nevertheless, they have great potential in exploring personality and individual differences, as they overcome many limitations of existing explicit measures.

Keywords:personality traits, five factor personality model, attitudes, implicit measures, metric characteristics, construct validity, Implicit association test IAT

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