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Razlikovalno odzivanje staršev in razvoj njihovih otrok
Kavčič, Tina (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-L4PFFUPH This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Ugotovitve vedenjsko genetskih raziskav kažejo, da so za otrokov razvoj pomembni predvsem tisti vidiki okolja, ki si jih posamezniki v isti družini nedelijo. Za otroka specifične izkušnje v družinskem okolju vključujejo tudi razlikovalno odzivanje staršev do njihovih otrok. S tem konceptom opisujemo vedenje staršev do enega otroka v primerjavi z njihovim vedenjem do otrokovega sorojenca. Tovrstno vedenje staršev se povezuje z nekaterimi značilnostmi razvoja njihovih otrok, npr. njihovim socialnim prilagajanjem in značilnostmi odnosov med sorojenci, pri čemer pa so te povezave večinoma nizke in posredne. Razlikovalno odzivanje ne predstavlja nujno negativnega procesa v družinah, saj lahko odraža občutljivost staršev na razlike v značilnostih njihovih otrok. Poleg tega je razlikovalno odzivanje staršev najverjetneje neugodno za otrokov razvoj le v primeru, da je izjemno izrazito in dosledno glede na člane družinskega sistema. Velikost razlikovalnega odzivanja ter njegovi korelati se razlikujejo tudi glede na značilnosti obeh otrok (npr. spol, osebnostne značilnosti) in družinski kontekst. Poleg tega jeza razvoj otrok vsaj v obdobjih srednjega otroštva in mladostništva bolj kot velikost razlikovalnega odzivanja staršev pomembno, ali otrok/mladostnik takšno vedenje starša zaznava kot pravično ali kot nepravično.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:razlikovalno odzivanje staršev, medosebni odnosi, starševstvo, socialno prilagajanje, odnosi med sorojenci, družinsko okolje, razvoj otroka, zaznana pravičnost, družine, raziskave
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2006
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 89-101
Numbering:Letn. 38, št. 3/4
UDC:159.922.7:316.472.4
ISSN on article:0587-5161
COBISS.SI-ID:34160226 Link is opened in a new window
Views:444
Downloads:158
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Anthropos
Shortened title:Anthropos
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije, Slovensko filozofsko društvo
ISSN:0587-5161
COBISS.SI-ID:736516 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Parental differential treatment and children's development
Abstract:
Findings of behavioural genetic studies show, that environmental factors that have the strongest effect on child development are those which make siblings in the same family different from one another, i.e. environmental influence of primary importance is not shared by members of the same family. Child specific experiences within the family include also parental differential treatment. This concept describes the behaviour of parents towards one of their children as compared to their behaviour towards child's sibling. This parental behaviour is related to certain characteristics of their children's development, e.g. their social adjustment and sibling relationship, though these relations are predominantly low and indirect. Parental differential treatment is not necessarily a negative process in the family, as it can reflect parental sensitivity to individual differences between their children. Also, the effects of parental differential treatment on child development are most probably negative only if it is extremely pronounced and consistent across members of the family system. The size of parental differential treatment as well as its correlates depend also on characteristics of both children (e.g. gender, personality characteristics) and family context. In addition, at least in middle childhood and adolescence, child/adolescent perceptions of parental differential treatmnet as fair or unfair seem to play more important role in child/adolescent development than the size of such parental behaviour.

Keywords:parental differential treatment, interpersonal relations, parenthood, social adjustment, sibling relations, family environment, childhood development, perceived fairness, families, research

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