Relationship between markers of endothelial dysfunction and inflammation and subclinical atherosclerosis in HIV-infected male patients below 55 years of age
Pirš, Mateja (Author), Jug, Borut (Author), Eržen, Barbara (Author), Šabovič, Mišo (Author), Karner, Primož (Author), Poljak, Mario (Author), Tomažič, Janez (Author)

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Introduction: Antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected patients appears to be associated with increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD).The aim of our study was to investigate the differences in markers of inflammation, endothelial dysfunction and prothrombotic state between treated and untreated HIV-infected patients with or without subclinical atherosclerosis. Methods: Eighty-six Slovenian HIV-infected male patients below the age of 55 participated in our study. Levels of high-sensitivity C- reactive protein (hsCRP), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) were measured. The presence of subclinical atherosclerosis was determined by measuring carotid intima-media thickness. Results: The level of hsCRP was significantly increased in HIV-infected patients; it was higher in treated than untreated patients. VCAM-1 was significantly increased; it was higher in untreated than treated patients. PAI-1 was significantly increased; there were no differences between untreated and treated patients. Patients with subclinical atherosclerosis had elevated hsCRP; levels of VCAM-1 and PAI-1 were not significantly different. Conclusion: Signs of systemic and vascular inflammation persist in both untreated and treated HIV infected patients. None of the studied markers contributed to improved assessment of subclinical atherosclerosis. The usefulness of such markers in routine clinical evaluation of CVD risk in HIV infected patients remains unclear.

Keywords:HIV infection, endothelial dysfunction, subclinical atherosclerosis
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:MF - Faculty of Medicine
Publisher:Slovene Welding Society
Number of pages:str. 49-52
Numbering:Vol. 23, iss. 3
ISSN on article:1318-4458
COBISS.SI-ID:31603417 Link is opened in a new window
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonnica et Adriatica
Shortened title:Acta dermatovenerolog. Alp. Panon. Adriat.
Publisher:Slovene Welding Society
COBISS.SI-ID:31649024 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Keywords:okužbe z virusom HIV, endotelijska disfunkcija, subklinična ateroskleroza

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