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The imperative in natural syntax
Orešnik, Janez (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-80BWQGTJ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
The framework of this paper is Natural Syntax initiated by the author in the tradition of (morphological) naturalness as established by Wolfgang U. Dressler and Willi Mayerthaler. Natural Syntax is a pseudo-deductive linguistic theory, and this is its most recent version. The naturalness judgements are couched in naturalness scales, which follow from the basic parameters (or "axioms") listed at the beginning of the paper. The predictions of the theory are calculated in what are known as deductions, the chief components of each being a pair of naturalness scales and the rules governing the alignment of corresponding naturalness values. Parallel and chiastic alignment is distinguished and related to Henning Andersen's early work on markedness. The basic idea is to illustrate how a (pseudo)deductive theory of syntax performs if it insists on avoiding abstract solutions, and in particular on excluding any generative component. In this paper the framework of Natural Syntax is applied mostly outside its original domain; namely, to the morphological behaviour of the imperative in various languages.

Language:English
Keywords:impératif, naravna skladnja, skladnja, syntaxe, syntaxe naturelle, velelnik
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2011
Publisher:Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete
Number of pages:str. 317-332
Numbering:Letn. 51
UDC:81'367.625
ISSN on article:0024-3922
COBISS.SI-ID:47686754 Link is opened in a new window
Views:592
Downloads:190
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Linguistica
Shortened title:Linguistica
Publisher:Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete
ISSN:0024-3922
COBISS.SI-ID:16075264 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Velelnik v naravni skladnji
Abstract:
Naravna skladnja je deduktivna teorija v razvoju in veja teorije naravnosti. Sodbe o naravnosti so ubesedene v lestvicah naravnosti, ki sledijo iz osnovnih meril (ali "aksiomov"), naštetih v začetku sestavka. Napovedi teorije se izračunavajo v t.i. izpeljavah, katerih glavni sestavini sta par lestvic naravnosti in pravila o ujemanju med soodnosnimi vrednostmi naravnosti. Ločimo vzporedno in križno ujemanje, ki sta v dopolnjevalni razvrstitvi. Križno ujemanje je obvezno v izpeljavah, omejenih na nenaravno okolje. Glavni namen naravne skladnje je določati pogoje, pod katerimi so razmere v nekem jezikovnem gradivu napovedljive. Sestavek je posvečen velelniku v raznih jezikih, in sicer z oblikoslovnega stališča (čista skladnja je upošteta le bolj obrobno). Velelnik je določen kot nenaravna kategorija. Zlasti oblika za drugo osebo ednine je po jezikih nenavadno kratka in zvečine ne kaže razvojne težnje k podaljšanju. Ta okoliščina je v članku osmišljena tako, da je kratkemu velelniku pripisana (nova) slovnična oznaka "skrajšana beseda", ki se z usvajanjem materinščine prenaša iz rodu v rod naravnih govorcev tistega jezika ter je porok za trajnost (stabilnost) velelnikove kratkosti. Kot skrajšane besede so v članku prepoznani tudi rodilniki neednine vrste žab in mest, kot skrajšane zgradbe pa m.dr. spremni stavki poročanega govora.

Keywords:velelnik, skladnja, naravna skladnja, impératif, syntaxe, syntaxe naturelle

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