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On the methodology of dialectology of language families : determining the existence of a dialect areal
Klemenčič, Simona (Author), Reindl, Donald F. (Translator)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-5ALD4CSQ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
The author treats the processes that lead to the establishment of a prehistorical dialect area, in other words, a connection between two or more proto-related languages in a known or unknown geographical territory. The dialectology of linguistic families must, as every inductive inquiry, frequently allow a certain degree of vagueness if it is to come to any conclusions. However, the discrepancy between a good and bad interpretation of linguistic material can be significant. This is demonstrated by the analysis of examples that linguists have adduced in support of a prehistorical ancient Balkan-Baltic-Slavic dialect areal. By examining the argumentation theory, the author reveals typical fallacies and questionable methods in the process of reaching conclusions. These are: 1) the attempt to interpret material from a poorly attested language (the linguistic laws are unknown, etymologies unverifiable); 2) comparison of roots (because of the small number of elements and the typically simple structures, there is high probability that the similarity is coincidental); 3) circular reasoning, in which the author explains a fact with an unproven premise; examples where the author is led to a decision among variant readings by a preferred outcome; 4) drawing equivalencies among various types of proper nouns and appellatives without consideration of the methodological problems surrounding them; 5) ignorance of facts concerning a linguistic phenomenon that exists outside of the areal under consideration, as well as failure to consider the full weight of the evidence; 6) uncritical appropriation of findings from other disciplines and the transfer of these findings to comparative linguistics; 7) the explanation of poorly attested material with further poorly attested material; 8) explanation failing to follow logically from the material. With the aid of some of the procedures adduced we can prove the existence of dialect areals that are known never to have existed in reality. Regardless of the fact that the dialectology of linguistic families has existed from the beginnings of comparative linguistic as its constitutive part, it is clear that the methodology of this field of inquiry has yet to be thought through completely. Many hasty and unacceptable conclusions can be avoided by keeping in mind the questionable procedures and fallacies in the discovery of dialect areals adduced in this article.

Language:English
Keywords:dialektologija, dialektologija jezikovnih družin, jezikovne družine, narečja, narečni areal, primerjalno jezikoslovje
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2010
Publisher:Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete
Number of pages:str. 249-267
Numbering:Letn. 50, št. 3
UDC:81:001.8
ISSN on article:0024-3922
COBISS.SI-ID:43504226 Link is opened in a new window
Views:262
Downloads:380
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Record is a part of a proceedings

Title:Demetrio Skubic octogenario
COBISS.SI-ID:251928576 This link opens in a new window

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Linguistica
Shortened title:Linguistica
Publisher:Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete
ISSN:0024-3922
COBISS.SI-ID:16075264 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:K metodologiji dialektologije jezikovnih družin
Abstract:
Avtorica analizira postopke, ki privedejo do sklepa, da je v predhistoričnem času obstajal neki narečni areal, torej jezikovna povezava med dvema ali več prasorodnimi jeziki na znanem ali neznanem zemljepisnem področju. Dialektologija jezikovnih družin mora tako kot vsaka induktivna znanost pogosto dopustiti določeno mero nejasnosti, če želi priti do rezultatov. Vendar pa je razkorak med dobro in slabo interpretacijo jezikovnega materiala lahko zelo velik. To je pokazala analiza primerov, ki jih jezikoslovci navajajo v podporo obstoja predhistoričnega antičnobalkansko-baltsko-slovanskega narečnega areala. S pomočjo teorije argumentacije avtorica izlušči tipične napake in sporne postopke pri sklepanju. To so: 1) sam poskus interpretacije materiala iz slabo izpričanega jezika (ne poznamo jezikovnih zakonov; etimologije niso preverljive); 2) primerjanje korenov med seboj (zaradi majhnega števila elementov in ponavadi preproste strukture obstaja velika možnost, da gre za naključno podobnost); 3) krožno sklepanje, ko avtor neko dejstvo razloži s tem, kar mora šele dokazati, in primeri, ko avtorja pri odločitvi za eno izmed različic iste besede ali pri segmentaciji vodi to, kar želi dokazati; 4) enačenje različnih tipov lastnih in občnih imen brez upoštevanja problematike, ki je povezana s tem; 5) ignoriranje dejstva, da isti jezikovni pojav obstaja tudi zunaj areala, ki ga raziskujemo, in neupoštevanje celotnega materiala; 6) nekritično prevzemanje izsledkov drugih strok in prevajanje teh izsledkov v primerjalno jezikoslovje; 7) pojasnjevanje slabo izpričanega z drugim slabo izpričanim; 8) razlaga ne sledi iz materiala. S pomočjo nekaterih od naštetih postopkov lahko dokažemo tudi obstoj narečnih arealov, za katere v resnici vemo, da nikoli niso mogli obstajati. Ne glede na dejstvo, da dialektologija jezikovnih družin obstaja že od začetkov primerjalnega jezikoslovja kot njegov sestavni del, je očitno, da bo metodologijo te znanstvene panoge potrebno šele domisliti.

Keywords:primerjalno jezikoslovje, jezikovne družine, dialektologija jezikovnih družin, dialektologija, narečja, narečni areal

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