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Naturalness : some synchronic data of Old Indian
Cvetko-Orešnik, Varja (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-2EJJVHDU This link opens in a new window

Abstract
The framework of the paper is Natural Syntax initiated by Janez Orešnik in thetradition of (morphological) naturalness as established by Wolfgang U. Dressler and Willi Mayerthaler. The basic tenets of Natural Syntax are described at the beginning of the paper. Natural Syntax is here applied to aspects of Old Indian synchronic verbal morphonology and verbal morphosyntax: (1) Causative -áya- verbs in Rig Veda and Atharva Veda. The root vowel a is short in closed syllables and long in open syllables. (2) Rig Veda and Atharva Veda contain 31 intransitive and 175 transitive -áya- verbs. (3) Rig Veda and Atharva Veda do not contain any causative verbs to the basic transitive verbs. (4) Post-Vedic double transitive verbs (the early construction) contain an obligatory accusative corresponding to the subject of the base verb, and an optional accusative corresponding to the object of the base verb. (5) Post-Vedic double transitive verbs (the late construction) contain an obligatory instrumental corresponding to the subject of the base verb, and an accusative corresponding to the object of the base verb. (6) The accusative mentioned in (5) is not obligatory. The data have been taken from Jamison (1983), a monograph about Old Indian -áya- verbs.

Language:English
Keywords:glagol, morphosyntaxe naturelle, naravna oblikoskladnja, naravna skladnja, skladnja, stara indijščina, syntaxe, syntaxe naturelle, teorija jezikovne naravnosti, théorie du langage naturel, verb, vieil indien
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2011
Publisher:Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete
Number of pages:str. 263-272
Numbering:Letn. 51
UDC:811.21'36
ISSN on article:0024-3922
COBISS.SI-ID:47691362 Link is opened in a new window
Views:498
Downloads:201
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Linguistica
Shortened title:Linguistica
Publisher:Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete
ISSN:0024-3922
COBISS.SI-ID:16075264 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Slovenian
Title:Naravno jezikoslovje
Abstract:
Okvir tega članka je naravna skladnja, kot jo je začel Janez Orešnik v tradiciji (morfološke) naravnosti, utemeljene v delih Wolfganga U. Dresslerja in Willija Mayerthalerja. Osnovna načela naravne skladnje so opisana na začetku članka. Tu so obravnavani nekateri vidiki staroindijske sinhrone morfonologije in morfosintakse glagola: (1) Kavzativni -aya- glagoli v Rg Vedi in Atharva Vedi. Korenski samoglasnik a je praviloma/večinoma kratek v zaprtih zlogih in dolg v odprtih zlogih. (2) Rg Veda in Atharva Veda izkazujeta 31 neprehodnih in 175 prehodnih -aya- glagolov. (3) V Rg Vedi in Atharva Vedi ni nobenega kavzativnega glagola iz bolj osnovnih prehodnih glagolov. (4) Po vedskem obdobju vsebujejo dvojno prehodni glagoli (to je zgodnja zgradba) obvezen akuzativ, ki je soodnosen z osebkom osnovnega glagola, in neobvezen akuzativ, ki je soodnosen s predmetom osnovnega glagola.(5) Po vedskem obdobju vsebujejo dvojno prehodni glagoli (to je pozna zgradba) obvezen instrumental, ki je soodnosen z osebkom osnovnega glagola, in akuzativ, ki je soodnosen s predmetom osnovnega glagola. (6) Akuzativ, omenjen v točki 5, ni obvezen. Gradivski podatki so iz monografije Jamison (1983), posvečene staroindijskim -aya- glagolom.

Keywords:stara indijščina, teorija jezikovne naravnosti, naravna oblikoskladnja, naravna skladnja, skladnja, glagol, vieil indien, théorie du langage naturel, morphosyntaxe naturelle, syntaxe naturelle, syntaxe, verb

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