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Ozka grla sistema odprtega dostopa : glasovi iz sveta
Greenberg, Marc L. (Author), Hladnik, Miran (Author), Snoj, Marko (Author), Hladnik, Miran (Translator)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://knjiznica.zbds-zveza.si/index.php/knjiznica/article/view/504/483 New window

Abstract
Izenačeni pogoji so ključ za globalno udeležbo v znanosti in raziskovanju, posebej glede na to, kako so znanstvene publikacije financirane in dostopne. Obstajajo pa potencialne pasti t. i. zlatega modela odprtega dostopa, pri katerem publikacije stroške produkcije in objave zaračunajo avtorjem. Zlati modeli, po katerih se računi izstavljajo avtorjem, ne rešujejo problema dostopnosti, ampak samo prestavijo oviro od bralca k avtorju. Po takih modelih lahko vsakdo prebira razprave, vendar je njihovo objavljanje lahko nedopustno drago. V znanstveni skupnosti, ki je vedno bolj globalna, razširjena čez vse več regij in držav sveta, so te publikacijske ovire lahko zelo moteče. V debato se s to razpravo vključuje tudi globalna skupina univerzitetnih kolegov. Mreža raziskovalcev dejavnih v akademskem publiciranju, se razteza čez štiri celine in več disciplin znotraj naravoslovja, humanistike in družbenih ved in zavzema različne politične ter ekonomske položaje. Verjamejo, da ta globalni vzorec raziskovalcev lahko predstavi kompleksno problematiko in ponudi perspektive, nujne za njeno obvladovanje. Skupina je bila sestavljena, ne da bi poskušala zajeti ves svet. Ta prispevek se razlikuje od drugih pristopov k problemu odprtodostopnega publiciranja v več temeljnih točkah. a) Izhaja iz situacije znanstvenikov in tako lahko predstavlja "drugo plat medalje" znanstvene komunikacije. b) Osredinja se na pričevanja, v katerih so znanstveniki svobodno usmerjali svoje odgovore, kot se jim je zdelo primerno, namesto da bi bili omejeni na odgovore tipa da/ne oz. na izbiro odgovorov na lestvici. Morda najbolj pomembno pa je c), da razlikuje med organizacijami, državami in položaji in tako osvetljuje neenake pogoje dostopa med bogatimi državami in državami v nezavidljivi ekonomski situaciji ter tudi znotraj držav, odvisno od velikosti in lokacije konkretnih institucij.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:znanstveno publiciranje, odprti dostop, zlati model odprtega dostopa Abstract
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2014
Number of pages:str. 77-92
Numbering:58, [št.] 3
UDC:024.2
ISSN on article:0023-2424
COBISS.SI-ID:276914176 Link is opened in a new window
Views:595
Downloads:141
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Knjižnica
Shortened title:Knjižnica
Publisher:Zveza bibliotekarskih društev Slovenije
ISSN:0023-2424
COBISS.SI-ID:331277 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Bottlenecks in the Open-Access System
Abstract:
A level playing field is key for global participation in science and scholarship, particularly with regard to how scientific publications are financed and subsequently accessed. However, there are potential pitfalls of the so-called "Gold" open-access (OA) route, in which author-paid publication charges cover the costs of production and publication. Gold OA plans in which author charges are required may not solve the access problem, but rather may shift the access barrier from reader to writer. Under such plans, everyone may be free to read papers, but it may still be prohibitively expensive to publish them. In a scholarly community that is increasingly global, spread over more and more regions and countries of the world, these publication access barriers may be quite significant. In the present paper, a global suite of colleagues in academe joins this debate. The group of colleagues, a network of researchers active in scholarly publishing, spans four continents and multiple disciplines in the natural sciences, humanities, and social sciences, as well as diverse political and economic situations. We believe that this global sampling of researchers can provide the nuance and perspective necessary to grasp this complex problem. The group was assembled without an attempt to achieve global coverage through random sampling. This contribution differs from other approaches to the open-access problem in several fundamental ways. (A) It is scholar-driven, and thus can represent the "other side of the coin" of scholarly communication. (B) It focuses on narrative report, where scholars were free to orient their responses as they saw fit, rather than being confined to binary or scalar choices. Finally, and perhaps most importantly, (C) it distinguishes among institutions and countries and situations, highlighting inequalities of access among wealthy and economically-challenged nations, and also within countries depending on the size and location of particular institutions.

Keywords:scientific publishing, open access, gold open access model

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