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Policing opinions: elites, science and popular opinion
Beaud, Paul (Author), Kaufmann, Laurence (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-IMOWC3Y0 This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Različna družbenozgodovinska pojmovanja o nastanku javnega mnenja v osemnajstem stoletju, ki so posebej spodbudila Habermasova proučevanja javnosti, dovoljujejo razmislek o dejanskem družbenem referentu javnomnenjskih pojavov. Klasični poudarek na predrevolucionarnem razsvetljenem javnem mnenju in predpostavljeni učinek razsvetljenstva prikrivata antropološke stalnice oblikovanja mnenja kot postopka oblikovanja skupnega iz razlik in partikularnih interesov. Ta "intelocentrični" pristop v analizi reproducira elitistično ideologijo, ki omejuje postopkovno univerzalnost na psevdojavno sfero "pravih" državljanov, čeprav hkrati postavlja sodelovanje vseh državljanov v oblasti za temeljno načelo. Razkritje segregacijske narave tega pristopa vodi v ugotovitev, da pojma javno mnenje ne gre zvajati na njegovo normativno definicijo, ki prevladuje v skupnosti strokovnjakov in politikov, naj gre za kultivirano racionalno razpravljanje ali za socialnopsihološko agregiranje individualnih misli. Pojem javno mnenje zadeva tudi skupno mnenje in popularne oblike konverzacije, ki so značilne za skupnost, temelječo na vzajemnem znanju, ki ga imajo vsakdanji akterji eden o drugem.

Language:English
Keywords:javno mnenje, komuniciranje, popularnost, mnenja, zgodovinski vidik, politika, koncepti, public opinion, communication, popularity, opinions, historical aspects, politics, concepts
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:1999
Number of pages:str. 5-27
Numbering:Vol. 6, no. 1
UDC:316.653
ISSN on article:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:19051101 Link is opened in a new window
Views:319
Downloads:289
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Javnost
Shortened title:Javnost
Publisher:Evropski inštitut za komuniciranje in kulturo
ISSN:1318-3222
COBISS.SI-ID:40119808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Title:Politika mnenj: elite, znanost in popularno mnenje
Abstract:
Different socio-historical conceptualisations of the emergence of public opinion in the eighteenth century, which have given rise to the works of Habermas about the public sphere, in particular, allow us to think about the actual social referent of the public opinion phenomenon. The classical focus on prerevolutionary, enlightened public opinion and the hypothetical causal effect of the Enlightenment conceal the anthropological invariants of opining as a procedure of sharing differences and individual interests. This "intello-centric" approach reproduces the elitist ideology in this analysis that limits the procedural universality to the pseudo-public sphere of the "true" citizens, although it declares, as a matter of principle, that all citizens ought to participate in government. After having proven the segregating stakes in these processes, the article shows that the concept of public opinion is not reduced to a normative definition -- either in the cultivated sense of a rational discussion or in the psycho-sociological sense of an aggregation of individual states of mind -- by the community of scholarsand politicians. It also refers to the common opinion and the popular form of speech which characterise the "doxastic" community of mutual knowledgethat ordinary actors hold, or think they hold, about each other.


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