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Odnos med nekaterimi značilnostmi zdravja in socialnim položajem
Černigoj-Sadar, Nevenka (Author), Brešar-Iskra, Alenka (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-K7DX5NFO This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Konceptualni izhodišči študije sta biopsihosocialni model zdravja in teorija virov. Izhajali smo iz predpostavke, da tako na zdravstveno stanje kot na dejavnike tveganja z negativnim izidom vpliva socialno-ekonomski položaj posameznika/posameznice: čim višji je socialno-ekonomski položaj, tem večje je razpolaganje z materialnimi in nematerialnimi viri, kar pozitivno vpliva na večjo osveščenost o zdravju škodljivih navadah in vzorce vedenja ter zdravstveno stanje. Socialno-ekonomski položaj je opredeljen s spolom, starostjo, izobrazbo in poprečnim dohodkom na člana gospodinjstva. Osredotočili smo se predvsem na eno dimenzijo zdravja, to je telesno blagostanje, ki ga ugotavljamo s kazalci fizične kondicije in odsotnostjo bolezenskih simptomov. Med dejavnike tveganja so uvrščeni naslednji vedenjski vzorci: kajenje, pitje alkohola in odsotnost redne aktivnosti za ohranjanje psihofizične kondicije. Podatki so bili zbrani z vprašalnikom "Kvaliteta življenja v Sloveniji - 1994" na reprezentativnem vzorcu za Slovenijo. Hipoteze smo preverjali s hi-kvadrat testom in multiplo regrasijo. Rezultati analiz so pokazali, da so vsi kazalci socialno-ekonomskega položaja statistično značilno povezani z zdravstvenim stanjem, največjo težo ima spol, sledita mu starost in izobrazba. Ugotovljena je večja kumulacija zdravju škodljivih navad pri moških kot pri ženskah.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:zdravje, socioekonomski status, dejavniki tveganja, demografske značilnosti, zdravstvena psihologija, družbeni odnosi, Slovenija
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.04 - Professional Article
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:1996
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 65-75
Numbering:Vol. 5, št. 1
UDC:316.6
ISSN on article:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:16722781 Link is opened in a new window
Views:644
Downloads:215
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Psihološka obzorja
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:3084808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:Unknown
Abstract:
The theoretical background of the study is based on the biopsychosocial model of health and the resource theory. The basic hypothesis is that socioeconomic status has an impact on risk behavior as well as on health status. Higher socioeconomic status implies greater availability of material and non-materialresources and as a consequence positive influence upon greater awareness about health endangering behavior, general patterns of behavior and general health status. Gender, age, education and average household income percapita have been taken as the indicators of socioeconomic status. Analysis focuses on one dimension of health, tha is self reported physical well being. The respondents have been asked about various aspect of their physical fitness, risk behavior and the frequency of perceived illness symptoms in the last year. The following activities endangering health have been taken into account: smoking, drinking an alcohol and absence of regular activity for maintaining the psycho-physical wellbeing. Data has been obtained with the questionnaire "Quality of life in Slovenia - 1994" on a representative sample.Hypotheses are tested on the sample of respondents aged from 18 to 75 years, with chi-square test and multiple regression. The results showed that all indicators of socioeconomic status are significantly related to health; the highest explanatory power has gender, age and education. Men have more health endangering habits than women.


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