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Slovenski svobodni verz prve tretjine 20. stoletja
Bjelčevič, Aleksander (Avtor)

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-BZ9ESOO9 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Izvleček
V prvi tretjini 20. stoletja so nastale številne mutacije klasičnega verza: a) nove vrste iregularnega jamba, troheja in amfibraha, b) iregularni silabotonični verz, kjer se prepletajo jambske in trohejske ter amfibraške in daktilske vrstice; c) oživel in razvijal se je iregularni naglasni verz. Svobodni verz je nastal pri Župančiču in Murnu (sintagmatski in stavčni svobodni verz: meje verzov so na mejah sintagem oz. stavkov). Pravi tvorec stavčnega svobodnega verza je Lovrenčič, sintagmatskega predvsem Kosovel, antiskladenjskega (meje verzov so znotraj sintagem, meje stavkov znotraj verzov) pa Kocbek.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:literarna teorija, verzologija, slovenski verz, svobodni verz, slovenska lirika, Župančič, Oton, Murn, Josip, Lovrenčič, Joža, Kosovel, Srečko, Kocbek, Edvard
Vrsta gradiva:Delo ni kategorizirano (r6)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FF - Filozofska fakulteta
Leto izida:1998
Založnik:Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost
Št. strani:str. 97-110
Številčenje:Let. 21, št. 2
UDK:821.163.6.09-1"19":801.65
ISSN pri članku:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:7894882 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:918
Število prenosov:149
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Primerjalna književnost
Skrajšan naslov:Primer. književ.
Založnik:Društvo za primerjalno književnost SR Slovenije
ISSN:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:8744704 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Izvleček:
Slovene free verse in the first third of the 20th century. - The cult of the new, which was initiated in European culture at the turn of the century, is also seen in the invention of new verse forms. The predominant forms in Slovene poetry of the 19th century were regular accentual-syllabis and strict-stress meters (the first posotopn in the verse is weak, while the intervals between icti are mono- or disyllabic; strict-stress meters account for abouth fifth of the output). Irregular accentual-syllabic meters also occurred occasionally (Levstik, Gregorčič): classical lines of varying lenght, but in the same meter occur in unpredictable succession (e.g. 5-, 6-, 8-, 11-syllabic amphibrachs). Irregular strict-stress meter, the irregular intertwining of one- to four-ictic lines was, however, very rare; this occuredonly in Levstik's and Stritar's work. In the Slovene moderna the number of modifications of classical forms increased: a) new kinds of irregular iamb and amphibrach (a mixture of classical and extra-long lines), the contrasting of short and long lines, the breaking of classical measures into various verses (e.g. On the Market, Na trgu, by Kette); b) irregular accentual-syllabic verse, where iambic and trochaic, and amphibrach and dactylic lines are intertwined (A. Vodnik, F. Albrecht); c) the experiment with irregular strict-stress meter was renewed and given new forms: lines of up to six icti, the first position in the verse is strong (Župančič). Only on the rare occasions are there experiments with free verse in the moderna. Such free verse sometimes does not rhyme and is either syntagmatic (borders of verse-lines coincide with borders of syntagmas/phrases, one sentence running over a few verses: Of the Holy Spirit, O svetem duhu, by Župančič), or sentential (borders of verse-lines coincide with borders of sentences: Spring Romance, Pomladanska romanca, by Murn). Poems which are not devided into stanzas, and poems which have stanzas of various length are predominant. The continuous development of free verse begins between 1913 and 1917 with Joža Lovrenčič, who used sentential free verse. He wrote poly-type verses (accentual-syllabics and free verse within the same poem), which later occurs in Jarc's plays. In the 'Twenties, sentential free verse was predominant, withtypical parallelism as the rhythmic factor in Seliškar's work. Syntagmatic free verse is rarely in use, but we can find it in Kosovel's work.Anti-syntactic free verse (borders of verse-lines are within syntagmas, and the sentence borders thus within verses; enjambment is the foundation of such verse) occurs in the thirties in Kocbek's writings.


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