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Novi pogledi na tipologijo pripovedovalca
Kos, Janko (Avtor)

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-JFLSQILH Novo okno

Izvleček
Razprava izhaja iz Stanzlovega tipološkega modela, ki postavlja na isto raven tri tipe pripovedovalca: avktorialnega, prvoosebnega in personalnega. S kritično analizo ta model razstavi, nato pa raziskuje možnost treh različnih tipologij pripovedovalca, od katerih je vsaka tričlena in postavljena na drugoraven: prvo-, drugo- in tretjeosebni pripovedovalec; avktorialni, personalni in virtualni; lirski, dramski in epski pripovedovalec. Ob analizi teh nizov opozarja na njihove možne povezave in stičnosti, pa tudi na tipološke razlike.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:literarna teorija, literarna tipologija, teorija proze, pripovedna tehnika, naratologija
Vrsta gradiva:Delo ni kategorizirano (r6)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:FF - Filozofska fakulteta
Leto izida:1998
Založnik:Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost
Št. strani:str. 1-20
Številčenje:Let. 21, št. 1
UDK:82.08-3
ISSN pri članku:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:6548066 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:672
Število prenosov:72
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
Skupna ocena:(0 glasov)
Vaša ocena:Ocenjevanje je dovoljeno samo prijavljenim uporabnikom.
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:Primerjalna književnost
Skrajšan naslov:Primer. književ.
Založnik:Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost
ISSN:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:8744704 Novo okno

Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Izvleček:
New views on the typology of the narrator. - The first theoretic typology of the narrator was conducted by F.K.Stanzel (1955). It was critically responded to by W.Kayser and W.C.Booth. They believed its main flaw was the placement ofthe auctorial and personal narrator on the same level as the first-person narrator. By dividing them it is possible to create two different typological models: one with the first, second and third person narrators, and another with an auctorial, personal and virtual narrator. The third possible set consists of the lyrical, dramatic and epic narrator. The three typological models are placed on different levels, but just as they can be connected with one another, they can also exclude each other. The narrator in the first set is characterized by a speaking character: the first and third person have been used ever since the beginnings of narration, while the second person narrator becomes more expressed in the prose of the 20th century. In spite of this, such a typology needs to be taken as a-historical, since the first and the third person can quite often be replaced by each other, or both can even be replaced by the second person narrator. The opposite of this model, which is determined by the grammatical structure of language, is the threesome of auctorial, personal and virtual narrator. It is placed on a higher, epistemological level: each of them personalizes a special relation to "truth" and reality in the narrated text. The auctorial narrator understands the action from the point of a solid, metaphysical, social and moral "truth"; the personal narrator places the "truth" in parentheses, it bases narrative on the reality of personal experience and the reliability of personal consciousness: the virtual narrator simulates both stands as an appearance, fiction and play. This typology is historical and its types correspond to the developmental stages of narrative, to the auctorial and traditional, to the personal and modern, and to the virtual and post-modern. On the other hand, the trio of lyrical, dramatic and epic narrator is a-historical. Generally, the narrator in all periods can come close to lyrical speaker (in diaries, in epistolary and monologue narrative) or to a dramatic speaker (in epistolary and dialogue narrative, and in monologue varieties), or it can encompass all three layers of reality, accessible to epic narrative: this kind of epic narrator is frequently used in epics and novels from Homer to Thomas Mann and others.

Ključne besede:literary theory, literary typology, theory of prose, naratology

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