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Vojaškogeografsko vrednotenje območja Julijskih Alp
Bratun, Zvonimir (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-512XW0HQ This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Julijske Alpe so vojaškogeografsko pomembno območje že od svoje poselitve dalje. Prevladujejo vojaškogeografske smeri po dolinah in čez prevale ter obrambne linije po gorskih grebenih. Izrazit pomen so dobile v 19. in 20. stoletju. Tu je potekala največja fronta v visokogorju med prvo svetovno vojno. Njeni ostanki so vidni še danes. Meja med Italijo in Jugoslavijo po razvodju med Sočo in Savo je bila izrazita ločnica, okrepljena z utrdbami, ovirami in jarki v osrčju Julijskih Alp. V času hladne vojne je po zahodnem obrobju Julijskih Alp potekala tudi ideološka ločnica. Vojaški strategi so predvidevali uporabo vojaškogeografskih smeri proti vzhodu in zahodu. Zaradi geopolitičnih sprememb po letu 1991, vojaškogeografske smeri čez Julijske Alpeniso več posebnega pomena za varnost Slovenije. Danes prevladujejo druge vojaške dejavnosti. Izstopa urjenje vojakov, podčastnikov in častnikov Nata v visokogorskih raymerah na območju Pokljuke in Triglavskega pogorja. Vojaški objekti dobivajo tudi turistični pomen.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:Julijske Alpe, Slovenija, vojaška geografija
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.06 - Published Scientific Conference Contribution (invited lecture)
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:1999
Publisher:Oddelek za geografijo Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani
Number of pages:Str. 249-262
Numbering:13
UDC:355(234.3 Julijske Alpe)
ISSN on article:0354-0596
COBISS.SI-ID:11285090 Link is opened in a new window
Views:381
Downloads:105
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Record is a part of a proceedings

Title:Sonaravni razvoj v slovenskih Alpah in sosedstvu
COBISS.SI-ID:104190464 This link opens in a new window

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Dela
Publisher:Oddelek za geografijo Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani
ISSN:0354-0596
COBISS.SI-ID:23805442 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Military-geographic evaluation of the Julian Alps area
Abstract:
The Julian Alps have been of military significance since Roman times in a military geographic sense because of its valleys, mountain passes and lines of defence on mountain ridges. They became especially important in the 19th and 20th century. The largest mountain front in World War I was located there,and evidence of that front is still visible today. The border between Italy and Yugoslavia in the heart of the Julian Alps was clearly a line of demarcation along the Soča and Sava watersheds and was reinforced with fortification, obstacles and trenches. During the Cold War, there was an ideological line of demarcation along the western edge of the Julian Alps as well. Military strategy in that area included the use of military geographic approaches in both westerly and easterly directions. After the geopolitical changes of 1991, the Julian Alps no longer had same military geographic significance in terms of Slovenian national security. Today other military activities are more important: training under mountains conditions for NATO soldiers, non-commissioned and commissioned officers takes place in the Pokljuka region and on the Triglav mountain chain. Military facilities have been taken on significance in the terms of tourism as well.


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