Speech and thought representation as constitutive elements of narrative perspective and focalization: James Joyce's Dubliners. - The paper examines the principal constitutive elements of narrative perspective (point-of-view) and focalization in fictional textes through the system of speech and thought presentation, as conceptualized by M. Short (Leech and Short 1981). The author's clines od speech and thought presentation introduce a variety of categories such as narrative report of action (NRA), narrative report of speech/thought act (NRS/TA), indirect speech/thought (DS/T), and free direct speech/thought (FDS/T). The central part of the paper deals with the shifting of narrative perspective and focalization through the interplay of free (in)direct discourse and other forms of speech/thought presentation. The basic theoretical postulations are illustrated with excerpts from James Joyce's collection of short stories, Dubliners. The final conclusion is that the term narrative perspective should be reserved for that position on the level of discourse from which the narrator observes, comments on and qualifies the narrative, whereas focalization can be defined as the process in which the point of view of a character is realized on the level of story.