Naratological aspects of Musil's essay novel Man Without Qualities. - The article with an analysis of Musil's Man Without Qualities through a prism of narratology elucidates the specific internal structure of the essay novel. Those aspects of Musil's text are analysed which are considered within narratology as the differentia specifica of narratology, while the focus is on how the basic features of narrative text (time, narrator, characters, presentation of spoken discourse, and so on) and non-narrative, i.e. essayistic elements of a novel are linked and co-dependent. Special attention is paid to the function of essay segments in the development of the plot, where a comparison with the role of description in novels proved very useful.