The Czech and Slovak schools of comparative literary studies were formed in interwar Czechoslovakia. The comparative method was cultivated - apart from the older positivist generation (Murko, Polívka, and others) - especially by Wollman (with his comparative literary morphology) and Wellek who linked Prague structuralism, German neo-idealism and Ingarden's phenomenology. Slovak comparative studies (M. Bakos, D. Ďurisin, P. Koprda) moved from genetic-contactological comparative studies towards typology. Contemporary Czech and Slovak comparative studies focus on socio-political and cultural research, while preserving a philological approach to concrete texts. They also elaborate a theory of world (univesal) literature and interliterariness.