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Kosovel in nihilizem: poskus konstruktivne destrukcije
Kos, Matevž (Author), Jerin, Katarina (Translator)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-UPGSFTGK New window

Abstract
Prispevek se loteva vprašanja Kosovelovega odnosa do nihilizma. Natančneje: kaj je Kosovel razumel pod tem pojmom, ki ga je sam poznal in uporabljal, in v kakšni smeri je nihilistično problematiko skušal preseči. V tem kontekstu se razprava ustavlja zlasti ob Kosovelovem odnosu do Nietzscheja, kakor ga lahko rekonstruiramo s pomočjo Kosovelovih formulacij v njegovih pismih in dnevniških zapiskih. S pomočjo teh navedkov se da podrobneje argumentirati tezo, da za Kosovela alternativa nihilizmu ni volja do moči kot aktivno počelo življenja v Nietzschejevem smislu, temveč gre Kosovelovo prizadevanje v drugačni smeri. Pesnik govori namreč o etični revoluciji, ki je obenem duhovna revolucija, in sicer ne v imenu nadčloveka kot izpostavljene in osamljene figure volje do moči, ampak v imenu novega človeka, novega človečanstva in njegovih moralnih atributov. Če Nietzsche odpravlja moralno razlikovanje med dobrim in slabim in nasploh moralo kot tako (morala je nemorala), pa je Kosovelova zahteva ravno nasprotna: gre mu za poudarjeno etično-moralno držo, saj se mora človek - človek kot etični subjekt - vsakič znova odločati med dobrim in zlim, pravičnim in krivičnim. Od tod tudi Kosovelove besede o človeku kot "poosebljenem etosu". Nietzsche ni ključna oseba, ki bi odpirala vrata Kosovelovega pesniškega sveta. Je pa v Kosovelovem odnosu do Nietzscheja neka pomenljiva ambivalenca. K tej ambivalenci je svoje prispevalo tudi tisto, čemur bi lahko rekli nehote napačno razumevanje Nietzscheja.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:slovenska poezija, filozofski vplivi, Nietzsche, Friedrich, ničejanstvo, nihilizem
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2005
Publisher:Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost
Number of pages:Str. 81-89, 215-223
Numbering:28, posebna
UDC:821.163.6.09-1 Kosovel S.:1 Nietzsche F.
ISSN on article:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:29810018 Link is opened in a new window
Views:458
Downloads:77
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Record is a part of a proceedings

Title:Kosovelova poetika
COBISS.SI-ID:29804898 New window

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Primerjalna književnost
Shortened title:Primer. književ.
Publisher:Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost
ISSN:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:8744704 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Kosovel and nihilism: an attempt at constructive deconstruction
Abstract:
The paper proceeds with the question of Kosovel's attitude towards nihilism. More precisely, what Kosovel understood under this term, which he was acquainted with and himself used, and in what sense did he try to transcend the subject of nihilism. In this context, the discussion primarily turns on Kosovel's attitude towards Nietzsche, as far as it can be reconstructed with the help of Kosovel's own formulations in his letters and diary entries. On the bases of these, it is possible to advance the thesis that the alternative to nihilism for Kosovel was not "will to power" as the active life principle in Nietzsche's sense. Kosovel's aspirations followed a different path. Namely,the poet spoke of the ethical revolution, which was simultaneously a spiritual revolution, but not in the name of superman as an exposed, isolated figure of the will to power, but in the name of new man, new humanity and its moral attributes. If Nietzsche abolishes the moral differentiation between good and bad and morality as such (morality is immoral), Kosovel's endeavours go in the opposite direction: he aspires to a decidedly ethical and moral stance, since man - man as an ethical subject - needs constantly to choose between good and bad, justice and injustice. It is in this light that Kosovel's formulation of man as "ethos incarnate" should be understood. Nietzsche is not a key figure to open doors into Kosovel's poetic world, and yet in Kosovel's perception of Nietzsche there is some kind of significant ambivalence. This ambivalence was somehowbolstered by what could be referred to as an unintentional misreading of Nietzsche.

Keywords:Slovene poetry, 20th cent., philosophical influences, Nietzsche, Friedrich, nihilism

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