Fluorimetric and potentiometric study of the conformational transition of isotactic and atactic poly(methacrylic acid) in mixed solvents
Jerman, Boštjan (Author), Kogej, Ksenija (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://acta.chem-soc.si/53/53-3-264.pdf This link opens in a new window

Fluorimetric and potentiometric titrations of isotactic (i-PMA) and atactic poly(methacrylic acid) (a-PMA) were performed in methanol-water and in dioxane-water mixtures with varying contents of organic solvent. Fluorimetric investigation of a-PMA confirmed previous reports that the conformational transition of the atactic chain disappears when organic solvent content exceeds 40 and 20 % of methanol and dioxane, respectively. For the i-PMA chain, potentiometric data revealed that the conformational transition occurs in methanol-water mixtures with up to 60 % of methanol in approximately the same region of degree of neutralization (áN) as in water. Besides, the irreversibility of this transition does not disappear. On the other hand, the discontinuity in the potentiometric titration curve in dioxane-water mixtures is no longer detectable in 50% dioxane. Concurrently, i-PMA dissolves in 50% dioxane at N = 0, whereas it is not soluble in unneutralized state in any of the pure solvents. The observed behavior is attributed to high tendency of dioxane for hydrogen bond-formation both with water and with PMA. The nature of the change in chain dimensions upon neutralization for i-PMA in 50% dioxane is discussed. Results are discussed also in view of a high intermolecular association tendency of PMA chains.

Keywords:fizikalna kemija, raztopine polielektrolitov, polielektrolitske raztopine, polielektroliti, površinsko aktivne snovi, surfaktanti, ireverzibilni konformacijski prehod, fluorimetrične titracije, potenciometrične titracije, polimeri, izotaktična polimetakrilna kislina, ataktična polimetakrilna kislina, PMA, mešanice topil, metanol-voda, dioksan-voda, isotactic poly(methacrylic acid), irreversible conformational transition, mixed solvents, methanol-water, dioxane-water
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FKKT - Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology
Publisher:Slovensko kemijsko društvo
Number of pages:str. 264-273
Numbering:Vol. 53, no. 3
ISSN on article:1318-0207
COBISS.SI-ID:27964677 Link is opened in a new window
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Acta chimica slovenica
Shortened title:Acta chim. slov.
Publisher:Slovensko kemijsko društvo, =Slovenian Chemical Society
COBISS.SI-ID:14086149 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Izvedli smo fluorimetrične in potenciometrične titracije izotaktične (i-PMA) ni več zaslediti, ko je dioksana okrog 50%. Hkrati s tem se i-PMA v 50% dioksanu raztopi že pri .N = 0, medtem ko v nenevtraliziranem stanju ni topna vnoben in ataktične polimetakrilne kislineem od čistih topil. Opazeno obnašanje lahko pripišemo veliki tendenci, ki jo izkazuje dioksan za tvorbo vodikovih vezi z vodo in s PMA. Podan je možen način spremembe v dimenzijah verige i-PMA, do katerega pride pri nevtralizaciji v 50% dioksanu. Rezultati so interpretirani tudi s stališča velike tendence verig PMA po medmolekulski asociaciji.

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