Occupational injuries are, apart from occupational diseases, the most significant negative indications of general health. Keeping track of occupational injuries is important for assessing the current situation of occupational health and safety and for planning preventive measures in order to improve the general health. Work injuries are a reliable source of information, because the occurrence of an injury is always connected to an event (accident) and the causality is not diffcult to establish. The need for relevant data is even more important today, when the labor market in the EU isopening, as occupational injuries are indicators of how much care and attention are put into occupational health and safety by individual EU members. Work injuries play a significant socioeconomic role in the society. They cause absence from work, less productivity, lost wagers, they increase health costs, increase the cost of professional rehabilitation, they can causedisablement or even loss of life. The consequences of a work injury can be severe for the individual, his family, his employer and the society.