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Avtoriteta avtorja: kult preteklosti ali prihodnosti?
Novak, Boris (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-ZPTE3HLL New window

Abstract
Članek analizira zgodovino pojma originalnost kot nepogrešljivega atributa avtorstva. Opre se na Lotmanovo razlikovanje med estetiko istovetnosti, značilno za starejša obdobja, in estetiko različnosti, ki se začne uveljavljati od renesanse naprej, ter na Mortierovo tezo, da postane originalnost kriterij umetniškosti že v razsvetljenstvu, in ne šele v romantiki in modernizmu, kot običajno mislimo. Spreminjanje koncepta avtorstva vpliva tudi na spreminjanje statusa prevoda: v srednjem veku je prevod vselej že tudi priredba, z dvigom Avtorja na piedestal absolutnega Stvarnika umetniškega sveta pa se status prevajalcev poslabša, prevajanje se sprevrže v izpeljano, sekundarno dejavnost. To hierarhično razmerje traja vse do pred kratkim, ko postmodernizem v književnosti (Borges) ter fenomenologija in recepcijska estetika na teoretičnem področju rehabilitirajo prevajalsko dejavnost. Tezo o smrti Avtorja nakaže že Mallarmé, eksplicite pa jo razvije Valéry. Pisec članka, sam pesnik, je prepričan, da je bila postmodernistična omejitev modernistične arogance Avtorja nujna, da pa ponavljanje Barthesovega gesla o smrti Avtorja dandanašnji ni več produktivno, saj globalna ekonomija temelji na avtorskih pravicah, ki jih hoče Kapital ukrasti avtorjem. Avtorjem, ki so še kako živi in z vso močjo brcajo nazaj.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:literarna teorija, avtor, avtorstvo, izvirnost, avtentičnost, posnemanje
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2009
Publisher:Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost
Number of pages:Str. 29-40 + 187-198
Numbering:32, posebna številka
UDC:82.0:808.1
ISSN on article:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:39961698 Link is opened in a new window
Views:330
Downloads:75
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Record is a part of a proceedings

Title:Avtor: kdo ali kaj piše literaturo?
COBISS.SI-ID:39940450 New window

Record is a part of a journal

Title:Primerjalna književnost
Shortened title:Primer. književ.
Publisher:Slovensko društvo za primerjalno književnost
ISSN:0351-1189
COBISS.SI-ID:8744704 New window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:The authority of the author: a cult of the past or of the future?
Abstract:
This paper analyses the history of the category originality, which is a conditio sine qua non of any authorship. It takes as a starting point Lotmanćsmodels of "aesthetics of identity", characteristic for the Middle Ages, and "aesthetics of difference", which prevailed in the last centuries. It owes a lot also to Mortier's thesis that originality became an artistic criterium already in the period of the Enlightenment, and not only later, in those of Romanticism and Modernism, as we usually think. The changing of the concept of the authorship over the centuries had its consequences also for the changing of the status of translation: in the Middle Ages a translation was always an adaptation as well; the rise of the Author to the throne of the absolute Creator of the artistic world caused the fall of the status of translators, since their activity was seen as secondary. This hierarchic relation lasted until recently, when Postmodernism in literature (Borges) and phenomenology and reception theory (Rezeptionästhetik) rehabilitated translators in the field of literary criticism. The thesis about the death of the Author could be traced implicitly already in Mallarmé's poetics; explicitly it was developed by Valéry. The writer of this article, a poet himself, is convinced that the Postmodern limitation of the arrogance of the Author was necessary, but that repeating Barthes' slogan about the death of the Author is no longer productive: we live in a period when the global economy is based on copyrights, which Capital is trying to steal from their original creators and owners - authors who are alive and kicking.

Keywords:literary theory, author, authorship, originality, authenticity, imitation

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