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Personality profiles and stress-coping strategies of Slovenian military pilots
Meško, Maja (Author), Karpljuk, Damir (Author), Videmšek, Mateja (Author), Podbregar, Iztok (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:DOC-5Q3CD8AD This link opens in a new window

Abstract
The performance of a pilot also depends on the pilot's personality profile and their stresscoping style. In our study we aimed to analyze, by means of the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ) and the Coping Responses Inventory (CRI), the personality profiles, stress-coping strategies and the relationship between them among Slovenian military pilots. The study involved 120 respondents: 30 of whom were military pilots in the experimental group, while the other 90 were in the control groups. The control groups included sport pilots, the general population and soldiers with no involvement in aviation. The members of the control group were selected with regard to the characteristics of the experimental group members, so that both groups were equivalent in terms of relevant factors (e.g. gender, age, health state, level of education etc), thus participating in a study of equivalent pairs. A statistical analysis identified statistically significant differences between the groups in the following BFQ dimensions: energy, conscientiousness and emotional stability; in the dimensions of CRI 'cognitive avoidance' (cognitive effort to avoid realistic consideration of a problem); and 'emotional discharge or emptying' (behavioural attempts to alleviate tension by venting negative emotions). Results revealed that certain personality characteristics were differentially and significantly related to specific stress coping strategies adopted by military pilots.

Language:English
Keywords:spoprijemanje, spoprijemanje s stresom, osebnostne lastnosti, osebnost, vojaški piloti, psihologija, osebnostni profil, vojska, piloti, stres, vprašalnik, analiza variance, Pearsonov koeficient, Slovenija, military pilots, Slovenia, personality, personality traits, coping behavior, coping, stress
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FŠ - Faculty of Sport
Year:2009
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
Number of pages:str. 23-38
Numbering:Letn. 18, št. 2
ISSN on article:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:3649713 Link is opened in a new window
Views:586
Downloads:118
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Psihološka obzorja
Publisher:Društvo psihologov Slovenije
ISSN:1318-1874
COBISS.SI-ID:3084808 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Osebnostni profil slovenskih vojaških pilotov in njihove strategije spoprijemanja s stresom
Abstract:
Usposobljenost pilotov je odvisna tudi od njihovih osebnostnih karakteristik in strategij spoprijemanja s stresom. V pričujoči raziskavi smo skušali s pomočjo osebnostnega vprašalnika (BFQ) in Vprašalnika za ugotavljanje strategij spoprijemanja s stresom (CRI), analizirati osebnostne lastnosti, strategije spoprijemanja s stresom ter povezavo med njimi pri slovenskih vojaških pilotih. V vzorec smo zajeli 120 udeležencev eksperimentalne in kontrolnih skupin. V eksperimentalni skupini je sodelovalo 30 vojaških pilotov Slovenske vojske in 90 udeležencev v kontrolni skupini (športni piloti,pripadniki kopenske vojske ter splošna populacija, ki nima povezave z letalstvom in vojsko). Udeleženci v kontrolni skupini so bili izbrani na osnovi lastnosti vsakega posameznega člana eksperimentalne skupine, tako da so z njimi izenačeni po relevantnih faktorjih (spolu, starosti, zdravju, izobrazbi ...). Ob pregledu razlik v strategijah spoprijemanja s stresom med vojaškimi piloti in kontrolnimi skupinami vidimo, da je do pomembnih razlik prišlo na dimenzijah BFQ vprašalnika: energija, vestnost in čustvena stabilnost ter na dimenzijah CRI vprašalnika: Kognitivno izogibanje (CA) in Emocionalno izlitje oziroma izpraznjenje (ED). Pri vojaških pilotih smo ugotovili tudi nekatere statistično pomembne razlike povezav med osebnostnimi dimenzijami in strategijami spoprijemanja s stresom.


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