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Uravnavanje telesne mase
Lunder, Mojca (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.dlib.si/details/URN:NBN:SI:doc-KW0KKISX This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Energijsko homeostazo vzdržuje več med seboj prepletenih procesov, ki jih usklajujejo možgani. Njihov cilj je vzdrževati ustrezno zalogo energije v danih pogojih okolja. V daljšem časovnem obdobju mora količina zaščite hrane zagotoviti enakovredno količino energije, kot je bila porabljena v tem obdobju. Periferne komponente regulacije vnosa hrane, kot so maščobno tkivo, pankreas, prebavni trakt, okuøalni sistem in jetra, so v dvosmerni povezavi s centralnim živčevjem preko avtonomnega živčnega sistema ali hormonov in metabolitov. V centralnem živčnem sistemu poteka obdelava signalov v možganskem deblu, hipotalamusu in delih korteksa ter limbioenega sistema. Periferne informacije o prehranskem stanju organizma in informacije iz okolja se združijo in prevedejo v prilagojene vedenjske odzive - v izbire in odločitve, jesti ali ne jesti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:telesna masa, regulacija, periferni signali, hipotalamus
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.02 - Review Article
Organization:FFA - Faculty of Pharmacy
Year:2010
Publisher:Slovensko farmacevtsko društvo
Number of pages:str. 95-100
Numbering:Letn. 61, št. 2
UDC:61
ISSN on article:0014-8229
COBISS.SI-ID:2785393 Link is opened in a new window
Views:545
Downloads:109
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Farmacevtski vestnik
Shortened title:Farm. vestn.
Publisher:Slovensko farmacevtsko društvo
ISSN:0014-8229
COBISS.SI-ID:3105794 This link opens in a new window

Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Regulation of body weight
Abstract:
Energy homeostasis is controlled by complex pathways, coordinated in the central nervous system with the aim to maintain energy stores at appropriate levels for given environmental conditions. Over long intervals the amount of food consumed must provide energy equivalent to the amount of energy expend. Peripheral components such as adipose tissue, pancreas, gut, gustatory system and liver are in intimate bidirectional communication with the brain through either neural connections provided by autonomic nervous system, or hormones and metabolites. In the central nervous system signals are integrated in caudal brainstem, hypothalamus and parts of cortex and limbic system. Peripheral information on nutritional status of the organism and external information are integrated and translated in behavioral responses - choices and decisions, to eat or not to eat.


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