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Review of public participation in radioactive waste siting process in Slovenia : report
Polič, Marko (Author), Kos, Drago (Author), Železnik, Nadja (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.ippaproject.eu/sites/default/files/deliverables/IPPA-Deliverable-2_11-Slovenia.pdf This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Nuclear technology is stigmatized due to its perceived and real riskiness. Not all nuclear objects are carrying with them an equal degree of risk, e.g. NPP is objectively hardly comparable to the LILW repository. Nevertheless public usually do not distinguish nuclear objects with different degrees of risk, but perceive them as equally dangerous, or even 'passive' ones (like waste repositories) are perceived as more dangerous than NPP (as revealed in a number of surveys). Siting of risky or unpleasant objects is therefore becoming increasingly difficult in any modern society. Though the introduction of nuclear energy in Slovenia was accepted rather enthusiastically, the situation drastically changed after the known accidents. Slovenia was for the number of years in the process of search for the location of the low and intermediate level waste (LILW) repository, while the location (solution) of high level waste repository still remains a future prospect. Social acceptability of LILW facility is still the main problem in this search, although local community already agreed on siting and state confirmed the location. Efforts in this search are presented in all its diversity, with weaknesses and successes, addressing also the context of the whole process, but especially considering different aspects of public participation. The most important step in the whole procedure was the transition from purely technical approach to the approach that involves people in the decision processes. Development of search process is presented and critical changes explained in the frame of their own dynamics as well as changes in the country. Public opinion was closely reflecting these changes, sometimes also generating them. While the introduction of the participation process through local partnerships presented an important move in the more democratic and successful solution of the LILW siting procedure, finally it appeared that images of participation were different between local people and NGO on one side and local and state administration as well as technical sector on the other. While for the former the partnership presented an attempt of establishing a control (e.g. to be informed, to take part in decisions regarding) over the process, for the later partnership presented only a means toward an end, a 'tool' aimed at achieving a location for the repository. When location was confirmed, local partnerships cease to exist, what was formally according to law, but at the same time cut involved people from the further control of the process. Interestingly enough members of local partnerships were willing to prolong its work, while administration easily agreed on ending it. In this part of the IPPA project, beside critically presenting the whole search process, we are also dealing with the long-term consequences of these events. Simply, participation in a siting process is only a small part of the whole procedure of solving radioactive waste management problem in the country and not an event ending in itself. Besides, future prospects of new NPP, management of HLW, etc. warn that current public dissatisfaction could be projected into the future with devastating consequences for establishment of so much needed trust between involved parties. The problem is much wider than simple PR problem, what administration and technical sector are not aware of.

Language:English
Keywords:odlaganje odpadkov, radioaktivni odpadki, odlagališča, javno mnenje, zaznavanje nevarnosti, skupinsko odločanje, lokalna skupnost, Slovenija, poročila o raziskavah, environmental psychology, radioactive waste, repositories, public opinion, risk perception, group decision making, local community, Slovenia, research reports
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:2.12 - Final Research Report
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2012
Publisher:University of Ljubljana
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:316.654:628.4.047(497.4)(047.31)
COBISS.SI-ID:49735010 Link is opened in a new window
Views:723
Downloads:292
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