The paper deals with contemporary political map of the Balkans, founded on morphological, structural and functional analysis. Characteristically, there are frequent changes of political borders in common. The most of nation-statesare relatively young, small-sized, ethnic heterogeneous. The space is characteristic by large peripheral areas, but the core areas are small. The most of nations have two spatial-political units. All these nation-states are weak and vulnerable, and that is why they represent a high latent crisis potential. On the other hand, the transport, transit and strategic role of this area is increasing, indeed.