The paper deals on the phenomenon of crisis areas in the world in the light of international relations in transformation of world political map. Analysing the physiognomy, structures and functions the paper is seeking the reasons for the conflicts, describe their genesis, characteristical developmental stages and particulary the spatial and social consequences. Those mostly regenerate their conflictual potential and are relatively constant geopolitcial neuralgic areas. They are the crossroads of world-power interesses, even they are poor world periphery by their structure. The paper undertake the geographic point of research of crisis areas. The shown cases of North Dalmatia (Croatia) and Kosovo (South Serbia) the author ilustrate the characteristical development of two different crisis areas.