There are two political and economic tendencies inherent in Slovenian society. The first part of changes is directed toward post socialist transitionand still reflects Slovenian uniqueness of self-management system and another part of changes is developed by new tendencies of shareholder and stake-holder capitalism. Economic transition in the post-socialist context involves not just a reduction in the role of the state, but its qualitative redefinition. Post - socialist economic transition amounts to a "revolution from above" to create the institions of a market economy from scratch (ex nihilo). This places extraordinary demands on the state, which is required to intervene actively in the process of institutional transition. A great paradox and main problem about the greater role of the post-socialist state is a great interventionism to reinforce market economy. What we need is not minimized state's capacity (less powerful state) but the state that plays different roles more effectively. Political interventionism in Slovenia is likely to be accompanied by intensified institutional normativism, deficiency of rule of law and new moral considerations, less effective management systems in state organizations and intensified conflicts between the competing elite groups over basic constitutional rules of the game.