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Nonlinear model predictive control of a cutting process
Potočnik, Primož (Author), Grabec, Igor (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.elsevier.nl/gej-ng/10/33/58/92/27/34/abstract.html This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Nonlinear model predictive control (MPC) of a simulated chaotic cutting process is presented. The nonlinear MPC combines a neural-network model and a genetic-algorithm-based optimizer. The control scheme comprises a process, a model, an optimizer, a controller and a corrector. Neural networks are used to build a nonlinear experimental model of the process which is applied to recursive prediction in MPC. A robust genetic-algorithm-based optimizer is used for the optimization of control trajectories. A neural-network-based controller is included in the control scheme for enhanced optimizer initialization and for autonomous control after the learning period. The nonlinear MPC is applied to control the simulated chaotic cutting process. The dynamics of a cutting process are very complex due to the nonlinear effects of high order involved. The control objective is to construct an on-line control system capable of improving the quality of the manufactured surface by preventing tool oscillations which result in the rough surface of the workpiece. A feedforward network is applied as an experimental model of the cutting process, and MPC strategy with tool support manipulation as a control variable is investigated. The results show considerable improvement of the manufacturing quality obtained by MPC with prediction horizon Np=6. The proposed nonlinear MPC methodology is suitable for control of complex nonlinear processes.

Language:English
Keywords:model predictive control, MPC, nonlinear MPC, neural networks, genetic algorithms, cutting process
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FS - Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Year:2002
Number of pages:str. 107-126
Numbering:Vol. 43, no. 1/4
UDC:621.9:007.52:681.5
ISSN on article:0925-2312
COBISS.SI-ID:4907291 Link is opened in a new window
Views:762
Downloads:272
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Neurocomputing
Shortened title:Neurocomputing
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0925-2312
COBISS.SI-ID:172315 This link opens in a new window

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