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XbaI polymorphism of the estrogen receptor alpha gene influences the effect of raloxifene on the endothelial function
Zavratnik, Andrej (Author), Žegura Andrić, Branka (Author), Marc, Janja (Author), Preželj, Janez (Author), Pfeifer, Marija (Author)

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Abstract
Objectives: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in postmenopausal women and estrogen deficiency may be an important factor in its development. The selective estrogen receptor modulator, raloxifene, exerts a part of its actions through the estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) activation. We explored if polymorphisms of the ESR1 modify the effects of 6 months raloxifene treatment on endothelial function. Methods: A total of 53 postmenopausal women, mean age 59.7 6.2, finished the prospective clinical trial. The PvuII, XbaI, and P325P polymorphisms of the ESR1 gene were analyzed. In all subjects endothelium-dependent flow mediated dilatation (FMD) and cell adhesion molecules (CAM) ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and E-selectin were measured before and after 6 months of raloxifene treatment. Results: There was no difference in FMD between the ESR1 genotypes, at baseline. After raloxifene treatment, the FMD was significantly greater in subjects with XX genotype of XbaI polymorphism compared to xx (p = 0.03) and borderline greater when compared to Xx genotype (p = 0.053). The FMD increased significantly with raloxifene treatment in women with Xx genotype of XbaI and Pp genotype of PvuII polymorphisms (p = 0.027 and p = 0.034, respectively). The P325P polymorphism did not influence the FMD after raloxifene. None of the ESR1 gene polymorphisms had any impact on the levels of CAM before or after the treatment. When analysing the whole group, a significant decrease in E-selectin (p < 0.001) and a small increase in ICAM-1 levels (p = 0.029) was observed with raloxifene treatment, but no influence on VCAM-1 levels or FMD overall was seen. Conclusion: Our data suggest that XbaI and possibly PvuII polymorphisms of the ESR1 gene influence the impact of raloxifene treatment on endothelial function. This effect could be of pharmacogenomic and clinical importance.

Language:English
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:FFA - Faculty of Pharmacy
Year:2010
Number of pages:str. 84-90
Numbering:Vol. 67, no. 1
UDC:618.173:616.1
ISSN on article:0378-5122
DOI:10.1016/j.maturitas.2010.05.011 Link is opened in a new window
COBISS.SI-ID:2836081 Link is opened in a new window
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Downloads:196
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Record is a part of a journal

Title:Maturitas
Shortened title:Maturitas
Publisher:Elsevier/North-Holland
ISSN:0378-5122
COBISS.SI-ID:25916160 This link opens in a new window

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