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A stratified transcriptomics analysis of polygenic fat and lean mouse adipose tissue identifies novel candidate obesity genes
Morton, Nicholas M. (Avtor), Nelson, Yvonne B. (Avtor), Michailidou, Zoi (Avtor), Di Rollo, Emma M. (Avtor), Ramage, Lynne (Avtor), Hadoke, Patrick W.F. (Avtor), Seckl, Jonathan R. (Avtor), Bunger, Lutz (Avtor), Horvat, Simon (Avtor), Kenyon, Christopher J. (Avtor), Dunbar, Donald R. (Avtor)

URLURL - Predstavitvena datoteka, za dostop obiščite http://www.plosone.org Novo okno

Izvleček
Obesity and metabolic syndrome results from a complex interaction between genetic and environmetal factors. In addition to brain-regulated processes, recent genome wide association studies have indicated that genes highly expressed in adipose tissue affect the distribution and function of fat and thus contribute to obesity. Using a stratified transcriptome gene enrichment approach we attempted to identify adipose tissue-specific obesity genes in the unique polygenic fat (F) mouse strain generated by selective breeding over 60 generations for divergent adiposity from a comparator lean (L) strain. To enrich for adipose tissue obesity genes a ˝snap-shot˝ pooled-sample transcriptome comparison of key fat depots and non adipose tissue (muscle, liver, kidney) was performed. Known obesity quantitative trait loci (QTL) information for the model allowed us to further filter genes for increased likelihood of being causal or secondary for obesity. This successfully identified several genes previously linked to obesity (C1qr1, and Np3r) as positional QTL candidate genes elevated specifically in F line adipose tissue.A number of novel obesity candidate genes were also identified (Thbs1, Ppp1rd, Tmepai, Trp53inp2, Ttc7b, Tuba1a, Fgf13, Fmr) that have inferred rolesin fat cell function. Quantitative microarray analysis was then applied to the most phenotypically divergent adipose depot after exaggerating F and L strain differences with chronic high fat feeding which revealed a dictinct gene expression profile of line, fat depot and diet-responsive inflammatory, angiogenic and metabolic pathaways. Selected candidate genes Npr3 and Thbs1, as well as Gys2, a non-QTL gene that otherwise passed our enrichment criteria were characterised, revealing novel functional effects consistent with a contribution to obesity. A focussed candidate gene enrichment strategy in the unique F and L model has identified novel adipose tissue-enriched genes contributing to obesity.

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Ključne besede:molekularna genetika, debelost, geni, poligeni mišji model
Vrsta gradiva:Delo ni kategorizirano (r6)
Tipologija:1.01 - Izvirni znanstveni članek
Organizacija:BF - Biotehniška fakulteta
Leto izida:2011
Št. strani:str. 1-16, e23944
Številčenje:Vol. 6, no. 9
UDK:575
ISSN pri članku:1932-6203
DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0023944 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
COBISS.SI-ID:2943624 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:387
Število prenosov:81
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Gradivo je del revije

Naslov:PloS one
Založnik:Public Library of Science
COBISS.SI-ID:2005896 Novo okno

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