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Podoba otroka in otroštva v slovenski (mladinski) književnosti
Blažič, Milena (Author)

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Abstract
V slovenski kulturi prevladuje idealizirana podoba otroka in otroštva, ki naj bi bila simbol nedolžnosti, stanja pred grehom, torej "rajsko" stanje, kar je v raznih izročilih simbolizirano z vrnitvijo v embrionalno stanje. Idealizirano otroštvo naj bi bilo simbol preprostosti, spontanosti, vendar je v resnici tudi simbol nerazvitosti (otroška leta) in ranljivosti (otroške bolezni), tako da lahko pomeni tudi otročjost oz. nezrelost, neresnost. Otrok naj bi bil predvsem spontan, miren, zbran, brez naklepov in skritih misli, vendar otrok živi tudi v vojni, je begunec, je lačen. Podobno dihotomijo najdemo tudi v drugih izročilih, v katerih se otroštvo pojmuje tudi kot nebeško kraljestvo oz. kot stanje pred pridobitvijo spoznanja. To pomeni, da je spoznanje pojmovano kot nekaj negativnega. Ideja otroštva je stalnica v evangelijskem nauku - tako je v Matejevem evangeliju npr. yapisano: "Če se ne spreobrnete in ne postanete kakor otroci, ne pojdete v nebeško kraljestvo." In podobno v Lukovem evangeliju: "Kdor ne sprejme božjegakraljestva kakor otrok, ne pride vanj." V krščanskem izročilu so angelipogosto prikazani kot otroci, kar je znamenje nedolžnosti in čistosti. Včlovekovem psihološkem razvoju je otroško ali otročje vedenje tudi znamenje regresije. Če se ne spreobrnete in ne postanete kakor otroci, ne pojdete v nebeško kraljestvo." In podobno v Lukovem evangeliju: "Kdor ne sprejme božjegakraljestva kakor otrok, ne pride vanj." V krščanskem izročilu so angelipogosto prikazani kot otroci, kar je znamenje nedolžnosti in čistosti. V človekovem psihološkem razvoju je otroško ali otročje vedenje tudi znamenje regresije.V vseh primerih gre za tipično nostalgično pojmovanje otroka in otroštva, ki je daleč od resničnosti.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:slovenska književnost, slovenska mladinska književnost, slovenska otroška književnost, literarni liki, otroci
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:1.08 - Published Scientific Conference Contribution
Organization:FF - Faculty of Arts
Year:2007
Number of pages:Str. 86-93
UDC:821.163.6.09-93:159.922.7
COBISS.SI-ID:34624354 Link is opened in a new window
Views:584
Downloads:105
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
In Slovene culture the prevailing image of children and childhood is an idealised one, meant to symbolise innocence, the state prior to sin, or in other words an 'Eden-like' state, which in various traditions is symbolised bythe return to an embryonic state. Idealised childhood is intended as a symbol of simplicity and spontaneity, but at the same time is one of lack of development (childhood years) and vulnerability (childhood illnesses), so thatit can mean childishness, immaturity or lack of seriousness. Children are supposed to be above all spontaneous, calm, collected, with no concealed plan or hidden thoughts; but children also live through war, can become refugees orgo hungry. A similar dichotomy can be found in other traditions, in which childhood is conceived of as the heavenly kingdom or the state before the acquisition of knowledge. This means that the acquisition of understanding is seen as something negative. The idea of childhood is a constant in evangelical teachings, as in these words from the Gospel according to St Matthew: "Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven." Similarly in St Luke; "Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child shall in no wise enter therein." In Christian tradition angels are often shown as children, which is a sign of innocence and purity. In man's psychological development child-like or childish behaviour is also a sign of regression. In all these instances there is present a characteristic conception of children and childhood that is far from the truth.


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