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Raziskava o socialni pravičnosti 1991
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Abstract
International Social Justice Project (ISJP) je projekt mednarodnega sodelovanja 12 držav z namenom primerjalne analize razumevanja ekonomske in socialne pravičnosti v razvitih industrijskih državah. Raziskava, ki uporablja standardizirane anketne postopke zbiranja podatkov v posameznih državah, se osredotoča na normativne vidike socialne pravičnosti kot so upravičenost, enakost ekonomskih možnosti in distribucija nagrad. Raziskava po svoji zastavitvi omogoča analizo normativne pravičnosti na mikro nivoju, kar vključuje oceno pracičnosti nagrad posameznikov oziroma majhnih skupin, oziroma makro nivoju, ki se odraža kot respondentova ocena pravičnosti agregatne razdelitve dobrin na družbenem nivoju. Podatkovna datoteka vključuje tudi vrsto demografskih spremenljivk kot so: starost, spol, zakonski stan, izobrazba, poklic (uporabljeni sta Mednarodna standardna klasifikacija poklicev in Goldthorpova klasifikacija) dejanski in željeni dohodek. Dodatno so zabeleženi dejavniki, ki po mnenju respondentov vplivajo na višino in pravičnost dohodkov, odvisnost od programov socialne pomoči, zadovoljstvo z trenutnim družbenim sistemom, kakšna je oziroma kakšna bi morala biti politika države glede zaposlovanja in življenjski standard respondentov. Za Slovenijo tudi ocena socializma in mnenje, kakšen naj bi bil politični sistem v prihodnosti ter poročanje o članstvu v Zvezi komunistov.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:upravičenost, enakost možnosti, normativna pravičnost, razdelitev dobrin, slojevska samouvrstitev, družbena neenakost, višina dohodka, dejavniki, ki vplivajo na višino dohodka, zadovoljstvo z življenjem, zadovoljstvo z bivalnim okoljem, zaslužen dohodek, željeni dohodek, upravičen dohodek, primerjava lastnega dohodka z drugimi, sodelovanje v protestnih akcijah, zaupanje, kriteriji razdeljevanja dobrin, družbena mobilnost, dejavniki družbene mobilnosti, vloga znanja in sposobnosti, demografska vprašanja
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:2.20 - Complete Scientific Database or Corpus
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2003
Publisher:Fakulteta za družbene vede, Arhiv družboslovnih podatkov
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:316.34
COBISS.SI-ID:26909533 Link is opened in a new window
Views:504
Downloads:249
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
The International Social Justice Project is a collaborative effort among 12 countries to conduct a comparative study of popular perceptions of economic and social justice in advanced industrialized nations. The countries participating in the study include Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Germany (West Germany, and East Germany during its transition toward a democracy), Estonia, Great Britain, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and the United States. The survey, which employed standardized survey procedures and data collection instruments across all countries, focused on normative social justice concepts such as entitlement, equality of economic opportunity, and reward distribution. The study design provides analysis of normative justice at a micro level, involving respondents' evaluation of justice or rewards received by individuals and small groups, and at a macro level, through the evaluation of fairness of reward distribution at the aggregate or societal level. Variables in the dataset include demographic characteristics of the respondent, such as age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation (utilizing the International Standard Classification of Occupations coding scheme and the Goldthorpe Standard United States coding scheme), actual and desired income, what factors respondents believe determine level of pay and their fairness, dependence on pension or social welfare programs, satisfaction with the sociopolitical system, perceived and/or preferred role of the government in job allocation, and standard of living.

Keywords:justification, equality of opportunities, normative justice, distribution of goods, which social strata does one belong to, social inequality, personal income, factors that influence personal income, satisfaction with life, satisfaction with living environment, earned income, desirous income, entitled income, comparison of one's own income with that of others', taking part in protests, trust, criteria for wealth distribution, social mobility, factors that influence social mobility, role of knowledge and abilities, demographic questions

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