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Slovensko javno mnenje 1968
Toš, Niko (Author), Klinar, Peter (Author), Markič, Boštjan (Author), Roter, Zdenko (Author), Trček, Vinko (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.adp.fdv.uni-lj.si/opisi/sjm68.xml This link opens in a new window

Abstract
Raziskava SJM 68 je prva iz serije raziskav Slovensko javno mnenje. Vprašalnik je bil razdeljen po tematskih področjih. Precej vprašanj je namenjenih oceni učinkovitosti socialističnega gospodarstva, njegovih pomanjkljivosti, ljudje ocenjujejo perspektive gospodarstva, primerjajo družbeni in zasebni sektor. Ocenjene so aktualne reforme, socialna politika, pokojnine, zdravstvo. Poseben sklop je namenjen odnosu med jugoslovanskimi republikami in problemu migracij: mnenja o vzrokih za odhajanje v tujino in morebitni škodi ugledu Jugoslavije zaradi migriranja državljanov. V sklopu, ki je namenjen oceni notranje politike, respondenti navajajo politika, ki ima med ljudmi največji ugled, naklonjenost politiki Zveze komunistov in mnenjih glede meril za sprejem vanjo, ocenjujejo vpliv in delovanje družbenih skupin in organov v prid splošnih interesov, ter izražajo stališča glede volitev. V sklopu, ki se nanaša na jugoslovansko zunanjo politiko, najdemo navedbo politika, ki je najbolj zaslužen za svetovni mir, mnenje o najprimernejši zunanjepolitični usmeritvi Jugoslavije in nabor držav, s katerimi naj bi imela Jugoslavija najboljše odnose. Respondenti primerjajo 10 držav (vključno z Jugoslavijo) oziroma skupin držav, glede na možnosti napredovanja, šolanja, njihovega gospodarstva, odnosov med ljudmi, ipd. Štiri vprašanja so namenjena tudi vojaški obrambi nasploh, med njimi mnenje o služenju vojske slovenskih vojakov doma. V naslednjem sklopu respondenti navajajo razloge za za socialne razlike, ocenjujejo ugled posameznih poklicev ter ocenjujejo primernost višine dohodka za posamezen poklic. Predzadnji sklop je namenjen medijem. Vprašanja se nanašajo na pogostost spremljanja medijev (TV, radia in tiskanih medijev - z nekaterimi posamičnimi navedbami) in jezike, v katerih respondenti te medije spremljajo ter najpogostejši vir informacij o pomembnih dogodkih. V zadnjem sklopu so bili respondenti vprašani o vernosti in o funkciji, ki naj bi jo imela Cerkev v družbi. Anketiranci so odgovorili na vprašanje, ali bi (so že) darovali kri in ali bi v primeru smrti darovali srce ali kakšen drug organ. Demografska vprašanja vsebujejo članstvo/aktivnost v političnih organizacijah, društvih in drugih organih, spol, starost, zakonski stan, kvalifikacijo in položaj na delovnem mestu, kvalifikacijo očeta, narodnost, samooceno gmotnega položaja, osnovni vir prihodkov gospodinjstva in izobrazbo.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:družbeni in zasebni sektor, (ne)učinkovitost socialističnega gospodarstva, socialna politika, pokojnine, zdravstvo, odnosi med republikami, odnos do zamejskih slovencev, odhajanje na delo v tujino, družbenopolitične organizacije, zveza komunistov, ugledni politiki, struktura odločanja v družbi, volilno obnašanje, ugled jugoslavije v svetu, zunanja politika, socialna diferenciacija, ugled poklicev, množični mediji, religija in vloga cerkve, krvodajalstvo, vrednote, češkoslovaška, nezadovoljstvo, gospodarska reforma, družbene dejavnosti, nerazvite republike, pokojninsko zavarovanje, zdravstveno zavarovanje, nezaposlenost, vzroki migracij, vernost, obramba, primerjave političnih sistemov
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:2.20 - Complete Scientific Database or Corpus
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:1999
Publisher:Fakulteta za družbene vede, Arhiv družboslovnih podatkov
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:316.653(497.4)
COBISS.SI-ID:26900061 Link is opened in a new window
Views:867
Downloads:171
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
SJM68 survey is the first from Slovene Public Opinion Survey series. Questionnaire has covered several topics. First interviewees have expressed their viewpoints of effectiveness of socialist economy; it's shortcomings and perspectives in near future. They also compared public and private economic sector. Next interviewers have evaluated reform of that period, social security system, pensions, and health care system. Separate block of question has been earmarked to address relations among Yugoslav republics and migration problems (i.e. it's causes, and social consequences coming out, together with eventual damage of international reputation suffered by Yugoslavia). Questions on assessment of interior policy, popularity of political leaders, inclination toward League of Communists, together with criteria for it's membership, and elections are stated in third block. Fourth block is dedicated to questions on foreign policy, it's general orientation, and with which ten counties should Yugoslavia cooperate. Interviewees compare these countries with respect of different aspects: possibility of general advancement, schooling, economy, human relations, etc. There are also four questions about defence in general with special questions whether Slovenes should served their military service in Slovenia. In the next block, respondents quoted their opinions about reasons for social inequality, reputation of different professions, and adequate pay for each of them. The last but one block of questions concerns interviewees' attendance to the media (i.e. TV, radio, newspapers, etc.). Last block of questions deals with religiosity, functions of religion, blood donation, human organs, and donation. Demographic question among other includes membership in political organisations, sex, age, marital status, qualification, working status, nationality, assessment of economic status, source of income, and education.

Keywords:public and private sector, (non) efficiency of socialist economy, social policy, pension, health service, relation among yugoslavian nations, attitude toward foreign people, migration and work abroad, political organizations, league of communists, reputable politicians, decision-making structure in society, voting behavior, reputation of yugoslavia in the world, foreign policy, social differentiation, reputation of certain profession, mass media, religion and role of the church, blood donation, social values, czechoslovak crisis, economic reform, social activities, underdeveloped yugoslav republics, pension insurance, health insurance, unemployment, reasons for migration abroad, religiosity, defence, inter political systems comparison

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