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Primerjalna raziskava volitev
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URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.adp.fdv.uni-lj.si/opisi/cses_00.xml New window

Abstract
Pričujoča raziskava je del programa mednarodnega primerjalnega raziskovanja volilnih sistemov, katerega cilj je izboljšati poznavanje volilnega vedenja v različnih političnih skupnostih. Raziskava, ki je bila izvedena v preko 50 državah (vključene so tako utrjene kot tudi novo nastale demokracije), je plod sodelovanja družboslovcev iz različnih držav, ki so sooblikovali vsebino raziskovalnega problema in obliko raziskave ter pri tem upoštevali specifične značilnosti posameznih političnih skupnosti. Vprašalnik vključuje skupen modul na obravnavano temo in zbir demografskih spremenljivk. Podatki iz sodelujočih držav so združeni v enotno mednarodno datoteko skupaj z datoteko uteži. Raziskava se osredotoča na tri temeljne probleme. Prvi del analizira vpliv volitev na delovanje političnih institucij: razmerje med parlamentarnim in predsedniškim sistemom (problem odgovornosti, dostopnosti), urejanje volilne pravice in preštevanja glasov (načelo pravičnost, vpliv glasovanja) in politične stranke (identifikacija s stankami in ideološke razlike med njimi). Drugi glavni sklop se dotika vprašanja političnih in družbenih razcepov in orientacij kot so primerjava samouvrstitve respondentov na kontinuumu levo-desno in ideološke orientacije političnih strank. Končno, tretji del vprašalnika prinaša oceno delovanja demokratični institucij in procesov, ki se odraža v učnkovitosti političnih strank in izvoljenih politikov ter zadovljstvu s stanjem demokracije. Temu so sledila vprašanja o udeležbi na volitvah, volilnih preferencah respondentov in demografska vprašanja kot so starost, spol, izobrazba, zaposlitveni status in dohodek.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:zadovoljstvo z demokracijo, poštenost volitev, strankarske preference, kako ste volili, nujnost političnih strank, poznavanje političnih strank, poznavanje politikov, trenutne ekonomske razmere, primerjava s preteklimi razmerami, povezanost politikov z ljudmi, vpliv ljudi na politiko, samouvrstitev na kontinuumu levo-desno, demografija, volilno obnašanje respondentov, politične stranke, politični sistemi, volilne institucije, oblika demokratičnega sistema
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:2.20 - Complete Scientific Database or Corpus
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2002
Publisher:Fakulteta za družbene vede, Arhiv družboslovnih podatkov
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:324
COBISS.SI-ID:26862429 Link is opened in a new window
Views:442
Downloads:207
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
This study is an ongoing collaborative program of crossnational research among national election studies designed to advance the understanding of electoral behavior across polities. The data project, which is being carried out in over 50 consolidated and emerging democracies, was coordinated by social scientists from around the world who cooperated to specify the research agenda, the study design, and the micro- and macro-level data that native teams of researchers collected within each polity. The format includes a common questionnaire module and background (demographic) characteristics of respondents, coded to agreed-upon standards. These data have been merged into a single crossnational dataset with a companion supplementary weighted data file. Measures included in the study focus on three main issues. The first topic explored is the impact of electoral institutions, with questions about parliamentary versus presidential systems of government (levels of accountability, responsiveness), the electoral rules on casting/counting of votes (issues of fairness, impact of voting), and political parties (identification, ideological distinction). The second major issue covered is the nature of political and social cleavages and alignments explored by questions such as left-right issue orientation of respondents vs. political parties. Lastly, the collection covers the evaluation of democratic institutions and processes through measures such as efficacy in political parties, elected officials, and respondents' satisfaction with democracy. Additionally, data were collected on voter turnout, voter choice, and respondents' age, sex, education, employment, and income.

Keywords:satisfaction with democracy, fairness of elections, party preferences, how did you vote, necessity of political parties, knowledge of political parties, knowledge of politicians, current economic situation, comparison with preceding economic conditions, connectedness of politicians with ordinary people, influence of ordinary people on politics, self-placement on left-right continuum, demography, respondents' electoral behaviour, political parties, political systems, electoral institutions, form of democratic system

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