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Spoznavni zemljevid Slovenije
Polič, Marko (Author), Kos, Drago (Author), Klemenčič, Marijan M. (Author), Kučan, Ana (Author), Ule, Mirjana (Author)

URLURL - Presentation file, Visit http://www.adp.fdv.uni-lj.si/opisi/szs99.xml This link opens in a new window

Abstract
V raziskavi je sodelovalo 1291 prebivalcev Slovenije (standardni reprezentativni vzorec okrepljen po pokrajinah). Vprašalnik je vseboval 54 enostavnih in sestavljenih vprašanj, praviloma zaprtega tipa, ki so se nanašala na predstavo o Sloveniji, vezanost na kraj, oblikovanje pokrajin, načrtovanje, promet itn. Risbe Slovenije, kot oblika priklica, izražajo predvsem koliko so posamezne prvine in posamezni kraji zastopani v spominu, tj. tudi koliko jo predstavljajo. Respondenti so vrisali okoli 15.000 enot, predvsem krajev. Prednjačita obe največji mesti, Ljubljana in Maribor, sledijo pa ostala približno po velikosti in pomenu. Pomembno sta prisotna tudi Triglav in Bled, ter reke Sava, Soča in Drava. Gorski svet je veliko bolj prisoten kot morje. Mnogi kraji ali območja se pojavljajo zgolj pri posameznikih, kar kaže, da ob skupni sliki obstajajo tudi individualne posebnosti. Z vidika načrtovanja je pomembno, da v zavest ljudi prodre celotna Slovenija in ne zgolj njene bolj ali manj pomembni deli. Tri četrtine vprašanih zavrača ali pa nima osebnega odnosa do pokrajin. Ostala četrtina pa se zavzema za majhno število le-teh (do 8). Iz opredeljevanja obsega domače pokrajine izhaja, da bo med ljudmi največja stopnja soglasja pri oblikovanju večjih (velikih) pokrajin in najmanjša pri odločitvi za manjše. Respondenti bi najraje živeli v Sloveniji, če pa bi se že selili drugam v Evropi, bi bile to predvsem razvite zahodne države. Verjetnost, da se bodo selili je ocenjena zelo nizko, čeprav obstajajo razlike med regijami in glede na izobrazbo. Preseljevanje v večjem obsegu je skoraj izven miselnega obzorja večine vprašanih. Za prepoznavnost Slovenije naj bi bile najbolj pomembne krajinske prvine (gore, vinogradi in gorice ter jezera). Družabnost, zelene površine, oskrba, prometna dostopnost, možnosti za šport in rekreacijo, urejenost okolja itn. so v njihovem bivalnem prostoru zadovoljivi. Manj pa so zadovoljivi ponudba stanovanj, možnost zaposlitve in storitve. Pri tem se pojavljajo razlike po pokrajinah. Najraje živijo v domači občini, težnja, ki se kaže tudi v tujih raziskavah. Posebej se kaže tudi privlačnost večjih in razvitih mest (Ljubljana, Koper, Maribor, Novo mesto) in turističnih krajev (Piran, Bled, Bohinj). Respondenti bi najraje v povprečju živeli na robu naselja, ob gozdu, morju, reki ali jezeru, po možnosti tam, kjer je gradnja cenejša. Razvitost svojega kraja ocenjujejo praviloma kot povprečno. Večina respondentov (71%) meni, da bi moralo biti v Sloveniji manj občin kot sedaj, le 25% pa jih meni, da potrebujemo administrativno členitev na pokrajine. Za načrtovanje je posebej pomemben odnos do varstva okolja ter do tega kaj je treba v okolju razvijati.

Language:Slovenian
Keywords:družbeno-prostorski obrazec, kartografski zemljevid, miselni zemljevid, mobilnost, nacionalna identiteta, načrtovanje, občine, pokrajine, prepoznava, preslikava, priljubljenost, promet, spoznavna razdalja, selitev, spoznavni zemljevid, socialno zastopstvo, turizem, varstvo okolja, zadovoljstvo z okoljem
Work type:Not categorized (r6)
Tipology:2.20 - Complete Scientific Database or Corpus
Organization:FDV - Faculty of Social Sciences
Year:2003
Publisher:Fakulteta za družbene vede, Arhiv družboslovnih podatkov
Place:Ljubljana
UDC:159.9
COBISS.SI-ID:26858333 Link is opened in a new window
Views:1110
Downloads:130
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Secondary language

Language:English
Abstract:
The survey includes 1291 inhabitants of Slovenia (standardised representative sample, strengthened by provinces). Questionnaire consisted of 54, mostly standardised questions that dealt with image of Slovenia attachment to hometown, formation of provinces, planning, traffic, etc. As a form of recollection, cognitive map of Slovenia expresses the level that particular sites and towns are represented in individual memory. Respondents delineated about 15.000 units, mostly settlements. Both largest city, Ljubljana and Maribor, step out, followed by other cities according to their size and influence. Mountain Triglav, Bled and rivers Sava, Soča and Drava are also notably present. Mountain area is more present than seaside. Individuals also named many specific sites and areas, which shows that beside common image of Slovenia there also exist some particularities. This notion is especially important from a planning point of view, because it is vital that the entire picture of a country is present in people's mind. Three quarters of respondents renounce or have no explicit views on formations of provinces, while the remaining quarter strive for small number of them (up to 8). Attitudes towards formation of provinces also reveal that consent about definition of provinces is positively related to its size. Respondent prefer to live in Slovenia, but if they wished to move to another European county, they would rather migrate to developed European western countries. Likelihood of moving to another country is estimated quite low, although there are significant differences among regions and levels of education. Large-scale migration is out of mental horizon of majority of respondents. For identification of Slovenia are of greatest importance various landscape elements (mountains, vineyards and lakes). Sociability, green areas supply, traffic accessibility, possibilities for sport and recreation, environment etc. are in respondents views satisfying. Less satisfying are lodgings supply, employment opportunities and quality of services. Respondent would prefer to live in home municipality, a trend revealed by foreign research. Larger and economically viable cities (Ljubljana, Koper, Maribor, Novo mesto) and tourist destinations (Piran, Bled, Bohinj) are also very popular. On average, respondents tend to live on the edge of a town or near forest, sea, river or lake, in area where building costs are lower. As a rule, interviewed persons estimate a development of home municipality as average. Most of respondents (71%) also believe that there should be fewer municipalities than there are actually present and only 25% of them support formation of administrative provinces. From a planning point of view, protection of environment and developmental priorities are of the greatest importance.

Keywords:socio-spatial form, cartographic map, mental map, mobility, national identity, planning, municipalities, provinces, recognition, popularity, traffic, cognitive distance, migrations, cognitive map, social representation, tourism, protection of environment, satisfaction with environment

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