The International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) is a continuing annual programme of cross-national collaboration on surveys covering topics important for social science research. It brings together pre-existing national social science projects and co-ordinates research goals, thereby adding a cross-national, cross-cultural perspective to the individual, national studies. Formed in 1983, the group develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular participating countries vary for each topical module. Respondents were asked to comment on various topics regarding national identity, such as how ''close'' they felt to their respective countries, national pride, their nations' relations with other countries. A series of questions probed for respondents' views regarding international relations, including foreign trade restrictions, the nationality of television programs and movies, and the benefits of membership in European Union. Respondents were also asked to assess their countries' treatment of minority groups and immigrants. Topics covered the preservation of minority traditions, the impact of immigrant groups on crime, the economy, the job market, cultural openness, special provisions for political refugees, and the citizenship process. Demographic variables include age, sex, education, marital status, personal and family income, employment status, household size and composition, occupation, religion, social class, union membership, political party, political orientation, race, ethnicity, language fluency, demographics of community, and citizenship.