Railways are an important part of transport infrastructure. Railway transport technology is an
area that connects all the factors involved in the railway process and thus enables railway
transport services. A major advantage of rail transport is the ecological, more environmentally
friendly aspect of this particular transport system.
Throughout the history, railway transport has had a major impact on the development of the
economies of countries around the world. Railway transport still plays an important role in the
development of national economies in today's world and is therefore strongly influenced by
each country. As a result, each particular country's railway system is shaped differently
depending on the countries, members of the European Union (EU) but also worldwide.
Within the European Union (EU), the priority objective of investment in the common
transport policy is the construction of panEuropean
corridors. The latter will contribute to a
more efficient and integrated development of Europe, in particular by building the missing
transport links between the countries, members of EU. An important part of all investments is
focused on railway infrastructure, mainly due to the desire to relieve road traffic congestion
and reduce the negative impact on the environment and environmental changes. Additional
EU's focus is put on increasing combined (intermodal) transport.
One of the basic goals of EU development was to create a common market. The latter is
reflected in transport policy, especially in its pursuit of the free transport of goods and
services within the EU, for which an efficient transport system is a basic prerequirenment.
Consequently, the main interest of the countries, members of EU was initially to set up an
transport network (TEN).
The European Commission believes that railway transport in the countries members of EU
should have a greater role in addressing the transport challenges that countries are facing, as
well as appropriate measures to revitalize a sector that works better and meets society's
demands, which also requires new railways. In my diploma thesis I will present the
importance of railway transport for the development of Slovenia and the EU Member States.