This thesis examines different views and perspectives on the Yugoslav Wars 1991-2001, which followed the gradual disintegration of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia. The starting point of the thesis are three thematically related literary works: Đevad Karahasan's novel Sara in Serafina (2000) , Enes Karić's novel Jevrejsko groblje (2011) and Dubravka Ugrešić's Američki fikcionar (2002). The thesis is mostly concerned with the influence of wartime on the protagonist%s perspective, identity and relationships with others, along with the influence of the authors' biographies on their writing. This research has enabled an insight into the psychological state of the protagonists, exposed to social changes, pervasive violence and the loss of homeland (as well as the loss of a national identity). Forming a convincing character in a war novel demands an extensive knowledge of the war situation, which is often connected to the authors' own participation in war or to his / her life in war conditions, therefore a certain is hard to avoid. The relationships among characters develop according to the circumstances, the level of violence, as well as religious and national affiliation. Solidarity and empathy increases, while at the same time, feelings of anger, disappointment, hate and apathy heighten. These contradictory emotions help to form complex characters, often exhibiting a higher degree of humanity than the characters living in times of peace. The thesis is concerned with the lives of people in the occupied city of Sarajevo, as well as the lives of those who were forced to abandon their homelands for various reasons.