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Razlika med incidenco travmatskih poškodb kolena pri igranju nogometa na naravni in umetni travi - pregled literature : diplomska naloga
Šepul, Klemen (Avtor), Vauhnik, Renata (Mentor) Več o mentorju... Povezava se odpre v novem oknu

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Izvleček
Uvod: Poškodbe kolenskega sklepa spadajo med ene izmed najpogostejših športnih poškodb. V nogometu je koleno poleg gležnja najpogosteje poškodovan sklep. Večina ljudi, ki v nogometu aktivno sodelujejo, je prepričanih, da je novejša generacija umetne trave močan dejavnik tveganja za nastanek poškodb. Zanimalo nas je, ali obstaja razlika med incidenco akutnih travmatskih poškodb kolena (v nadaljevanju ATPK) na umetni in naravni travi. Po pregledu raziskav smo svoje vprašanje nekoliko razširili in si zastavili tudi nekaj dodatnih vprašanj. Zanimali so nas tudi rezultati ATPK med treningi in tekmami in ali obstaja razlika med spoloma ter katera vrsta ATPK je pogostejša na posamezni podlagi. Namen: Naš namen je bil, na osnovi pregleda objavljene strokovne in znanstvene literature izvedeti, ali obstaja razlika med incidenco ATPK na naravni in umetni travi. Metode dela: Iskanje literature je potekalo po podatkovni zbirki PubMed, ki je bilo omejeno na časovno obdobje od leta 2002 do 2017, in sicer na raziskave, ki so v celoti prosto dostopne ter napisane v angleškem jeziku. Rezultati: V pregled je bilo vključenih deset raziskav, ki so se razlikovale glede na velikost vzorca, čas spremljanja, spol in starost preiskovancev ter vrsto aktivnosti. Razprava in zaključek: Na podlagi pregledane literature ne moremo trditi, katera izmed podlag je varnejša za igranje nogometa, ko govorimo o ATPK. Nekatere raziskave so nakazale, da bi to lahko bila umetna trava, pa vendar je raziskav s takšnimi rezultati premalo, da bi to lahko z gotovostjo trdili. Nekaj raziskav nakazuje ravno obratno. Podobne rezultate dobimo tudi, ko pogledamo primerjavo med spoloma na obeh podlagah, saj nobeden izmed njih ni bolj dovzeten za nastanek ATPK na različnih podlagah. Prav tako se rezultat ponovi, če pogledamo različne vrste ATPK na obeh podlagah. Potrdimo pa lahko, da so nogometašice bolj dovzetne za nastanek ligamentarnih ATPK kot nogometaši. Menimo, da bo za odgovor na vprašanje, katera izmed podlag je bolj varna za igranje nogometa, v prihodnje potrebno narediti več raziskav, v katerih bi bilo dobro beležiti tudi okoljske dejavnike igrišč (vremenske pogoje, temperaturo, vrsto in obliko čevlja, starost igrišča z umetno travo), vrednotenje kontaktnih in nekontaktnih poškodb na posameznih podlagah, dominanco poškodovane noge ter natančnejše vrednotenje vrste poškodbe.

Jezik:Slovenski jezik
Ključne besede:nogomet, poškodbe kolena, naravna trava, umetna trava
Vrsta gradiva:Diplomsko delo/naloga (mb11)
Organizacija:ZF - Zdravstvena fakulteta
Leto izida:2018
COBISS.SI-ID:5444203 Povezava se odpre v novem oknu
Število ogledov:321
Število prenosov:228
Metapodatki:XML RDF-CHPDL DC-XML DC-RDF
 
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Sekundarni jezik

Jezik:Angleški jezik
Naslov:The difference between the incidence of traumatic knee injuries when playing football on natural grass and on artificial turf - literature review : diploma work
Izvleček:
Introduction: Knee joint injuries are one of the most common sports injuries. In football the knee, apart from an ankle, is the most commonly injured joint. The majority of people who are actively involved in the game of football are convinced that the new generation of the artificial turf is a high-risk factor for the occurrence of injuries. We were interested in whether there is a difference between the incidence of acute traumatic knee injuries (further on ATPK) on an artificial turf and on a natural grass. After a review of studies, we expanded our question and asked additional questions. We were also interested in the results of ATPK – during the trainings and matches, whether there is a gender difference, and which type of ATPK is the most common one on a certain surface. Objectives: Our purpose was to find out, after reviewing the published professional and scientific literature, whether there is a difference between the incidence of ATPK on the natural grass and on the artificial turf. Methods: The literature research was conducted in the PubMed database. The research was limited to the period of time between 2002 and 2017, namely to the studies which were freely accessible and written in English. Results: We examined ten studies which differed according to the size of the sample, the time of observation, the gender and age of the participants, and the type of activity. Discussion and conclusion: According to the examined literature, we cannot claim which one of the surfaces is safer for playing football when we talk about ATPK. Some studies indicated that it could be the artificial turf, but there is a lack of such studies to claim this with certainty. Some studies indicate the opposite. We get similar results when we look at the gender difference on both surfaces, as none of them is more susceptible to the occurrence of ATPK on different surfaces. The result repeats itself if we look at different types of ATPK on both surfaces. However, we can confirm that female football players are more susceptible to the occurrence of ligamentous ATPK than male football players. In order to answer the question which surface is safer for playing football, we believe it is necessary to conduct additional studies. In the further studies, it would be recommended to take notes of the environmental factors of the fields (weather conditions, temperature, type and shape of the shoes, age of the field with artificial turf), an evaluation of the contact and noncontact injuries on certain surfaces, a dominance of the injured leg, and a more accurate evaluation of the type of injury.

Ključne besede:football, knee injuries, natural grass, artificial turf

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